Time-Based, Competency-Based, or Hybrid Registered Apprenticeship Programs?
An apprenticeship is an “earn-and-learn” model that combines classroom instruction with on-the-job learning provided by a mentor. It provides training in a specific occupation and delivers occupational skills that are recognized and transferable across employers. Traditionally focused on training for occupations in the building trades, the U.S. Department of Labor aims to expand registered apprenticeship as a workforce training model, including nontraditional industries such as health care and information technology. Although registered apprenticeship programs share key elements, they vary in terms of occupational focus, length, registration agency, and approach. This Urban Institute brief focuses on the three approaches (time-based, competency-based, or hybrid), their considerations, and insights from program sponsors using each approach.