Poverty in the United States: 2022

The U.S. Census Bureau produces annual poverty estimates to measure the economic well-being of households, families, and individuals in the United States. This 2022 report provides estimates of two measures of poverty: the official poverty measure and the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM). The official poverty measure is used to determine eligibility for several government programs and has been used as a benchmark of economic well-being since its adoption in the 1960s. The SPM, produced in collaboration with the Bureau of Labor Statistics, extends the official poverty measure by accounting for several government programs that are designed to assist low-income families but are not included in official poverty measure calculations. Highlights include that the SPM rate increased significantly, reflecting changes in economic well-being following the end of many pandemic-era programs.

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