Employment, Earnings, and Unemployment Insurance during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study of Participants in the Subsidized and Transitional Employment Demonstration
The COVID-19 pandemic dramatically changed the employment landscape, with effects that persist. Many people lost their jobs, lost childcare, or otherwise experienced negative changes to their income and ability to work. These shifts disproportionately affected people of color, women, parents, and workers earning low wages, exacerbating longstanding systemic inequities. This Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation brief explores how the pandemic shifted employment, earnings, and unemployment benefit receipt among workers who have historically faced obstacles to finding and keeping jobs in a more typical economic context—workers who were disproportionately affected by the pandemic. The brief focuses on experiences across geographic locations during the pandemic period, which may reflect differences in local economies, COVID-19 infection rates, and public policies.