Effects of Prenatal Poverty on Infant Health: State Earned Income Tax Credits and Birth Weight
This study sought to examine the effect of prenatal poverty on the birth weight of infants (as birth weight can be a predictor for a range of outcomes for children) and subsequently, the effect that work-based welfare assistance, such as the EITC and TANF, has on maternal and infant health. The study found that there is a causal link between prenatal poverty and low birth weights, finding that state EITCs relieve prenatal poverty and indicated increased birth weights in babies born to mothers who received an earned income tax credit. However, the study found mixed results for TANF receipt and its effect on birth weights.
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- Asset Building
- Earned Income Tax Credit
- Supportive Services
- Health/Behavioral Health Referrals and Supports
- TANF Program Administration