Despite the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990, people with disabilities still experience unemployment rates higher than the national average, thus experiencing poverty and economic insecurity higher than those without disabilities. The National Conference of State Legislatures and the Council of State Governments partnered to convene the National Task Force on Workforce Development for People with Disabilities.
This article, published in the IZA Journal of Labor Policy, highlights the prevalence of workplace accommodations and how they reduce employment barriers and increase access for people with disabilities. The article finds that people with disabilities that are not working cite employment barriers that could be addressed by accommodations. Additionally, people with poorer health are less likely to get needed accommodations in the workplace. Most importantly, the article highlights that accommodations are positively correlated with continued employment.
Working weekends, evenings, and early morning hours are the norm for most employed, low-income Latino parents, according to new research from the National Research Center on Hispanic Children & Families. Many, and particularly immigrant parents, also have little advance notice of their work schedules. These type of work schedules can make it difficult for families to access child care options, particularly the publicly funded care designed to support low-income families.
Work-based learning combines paid training at a work site with classroom education that leads to an industry-recognized credential. This National Skills Coalition toolkit provides resources to state policymakers and advocates who want to implement paid work-based learning programs for out-of-school youth and disadvantaged adults. The toolkit explains key policies that support work-based learning, provides examples of current state and local work-based learning practices, and provides a legislative template for state work-based learning policies.
Youth aging out of the foster care system face a variety of challenges, but building healthy and supportive relationships can help improve their outcomes. This Brookings Institution report highlights experiences from recent relationship-building programs targeted toward foster youth. The authors found four important lessons that researchers and policymakers can use when designing relationship-building programs for foster youth.
There are seven million or more working-age men in the United States who are not engaged in the workforce, and a variety of causes for this situation have been suggested. In this publication from the American Enterprise Institute, the authors address several of potential causes for the decline in work activity among these men and discuss policies that could be used to address the issues. The publication also recommends a focus on men with severe barriers to work, such as those with criminal histories or substance abuse issues and men who are noncustodial parents.
This Jobs for the Future brief details the Opportunity Works initiative, which funded seven community-based organizations across the country to develop education and training programs for youth who are disconnected from school and work. Halfway through the three-year grant period the organizations already had learned several lessons, such as the importance of helping youth see why they need careers, allowing enough time for youth to build rapport with their coaches, and creating partnerships with colleges to help youth complete postsecondary education.
The Young Adult Internship Program (YAIP) in New York City was recently evaluated; this report from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation presents implementation and early impact results from the evaluation. The YAIP program serves youth between ages 16 and 24 who are disconnected from school and work and offers support services and a temporary paid internship. The early outcomes indicate that program participation did increase the likelihood of employment and higher earnings for these youth, compared to participants in the control group, during the year after random assignment.
This brief from the Heartland Alliance highlights promising practices that employers and community-based organizations can use to connect homeless jobseekers to employment. The authors break down those practices into three broad areas: paving the way for employment success from the start, assessing the quality and fit of job opportunities for homeless jobseekers, and maintaining engagement.
Fact / Tip Sheet
These fact sheets from the Migration Policy Institute focus on the ways WIOA can play a critical role in supporting the upward mobility of the foreign born in the U.S. workforce. With a focus on the 20 states and 25 counties (plus New York City) that have the largest immigrant populations, the fact sheets cover key characteristics of foreign-born and native-born residents and provide information relevant to understanding needs for adult education and workforce training services.