Employment Supports

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families offers safety net and transitional services to support low income families on a path from welfare to work.

RESEARCH AND EVALUATIONS

This section presents research and resources from the field on work supports that can help transition low-income families from welfare into work.

Don’t see what you are looking for? Browse our report archives for [2013] [2012] [2011]

General Topic

Opportunity for All: President Obama Launches My Brother's Keeper Initiative to Build Ladders of Opportunity for Boys and Young Men of Color, February 2014

President Obama established a My Brother's Keeper Task Force to identify and promote programs that work, and find ways to better support boys and young men of color. The White House released a fact sheet that outlines the newly launched initiative. Communities are partnering with local businesses and foundations to connect boys and young men to: mentoring; support networks; and skills that they need to find a good job, go to college, and work their way up into the middle class.

For more information, please see: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/02/27/fact-sheet-opportunity-all-president-obama-launches-my-brother-s-keeper-


Podcast: Arkansas Career Pathways Initiative, April 2013

In March of 2012, the WPTA Network collaborated with Arkansas's Career Pathways Initiative - a partnership between Arkansas's Department of Higher Education and Department of Workforce Services - to learn more about their program's growth and the successes with workforce-ready adults.

This podcast highlights the Arkansas Career Pathways Initiative (CPI) which provides a comprehensive set of academic and support services designed to enable low-income, low-skilled individuals to acquire the degrees and/or credentials required to obtain and hold jobs in high-demand, high-wage industries. Staff from the Arkansas Career Pathways Initiative explained the complexity of the collaborations necessary to provide services that enable low-income job seekers to receive educational services, as well as how to help participants understand the importance of education in addition to work activities and employment.

To view this podcast, please see: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qwAlpqb20Xs&list=PLypiJrod4Deh0o7XBiLkWbcBPslusy706&index=4


Podcast: Supporting Employment Empowerment (SEE) Hawaii Work, April 2013

In March of 2012, the WPTA Network collaborated with Supporting Employment Empowerment (SEE) Hawaii Work and the Hawaii Department of Human Services to learn more about their private-public partnerships between their working participants and local employers.

SEE Hawaii Work's (SEE) mission is to provide employment for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) participants while meeting the labor market needs of private employers. SEE Hawaii Work serves work-eligible TANF participants. This podcast highlights SEE Hawaii Work which is a program available to Hawaii's employers to assist them with their recruiting needs, while placing TANF participants into subsidized job-training programs. Staff from the State of Hawaii Department of Human Services provides an overview of key components and activities in the SEE Hawaii program model, discusses how the program engages, markets and conducts outreach to businesses and employers, as well as provides information on how data is collected within the program.

To view this podcast, please see: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QBncZINcqXc&list=PLypiJrod4Deh0o7XBiLkWbcBPslusy706&index=1


Early Lessons from the Work Support Strategies Initiative: Planning and Piloting Health and Human Services Integration in Nine States, March 2013

The Urban Institute recently published an article discussing the Work Support Strategies Initiative. Work Support Strategies (WSS) is a multiyear, multi-State initiative to implement reforms that help eligible low-income families get and keep a full package of work support benefits, including Medicaid, nutrition assistance (SNAP), and child care assistance. This report summarizes the lessons learned from the nine planning grant States (Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Kentucky, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina), just one year into a four-year project. The report includes what the States did, how they overcame challenges, and how the planning year changed their strategies and capacities for the future.

For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412789-Early-Lessons-from-the-Work-Support-Strategies-Initiative.pdf


Promoting Readiness of Minors in Supplemental Security Income (PROMISE) Grant Program, February 2013

The U.S. Department of Education posted a Public Input Notice (PIN) inviting interested persons and organizations to provide input on a new competitive grant program, Promoting Readiness of Minors in Supplemental Security Income (PROMISE).  The purpose of this program is to fund model demonstration projects in States to promote improved outcomes for children who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and their families.  Governors’ offices, the State agencies identified as required partners in the PIN, and other organizations and agencies that may be interested in participating in partnerships are particularly encouraged to familiarize themselves with the Public Input Notice, to participate in the upcoming public Webinars, and to provide written comments on the PIN. The Webinar dates are as follows:

  • February 21, 2013 - 2:00-3:30p.m. EST
  • February 27, 2013 - 3:00-4:30p.m. EST
  • February 28, 2013 - 3:00-4:30p.m. EST
  • March 5, 2013 - 3:00-4:30p.m. EST

For more information on PROMISE or the public Webinars, please see: http://www2.ed.gov/about/inits/ed/promise/index.html


Building Human Capital & Economic Potential, 2013

In 2012, the Institute for Research on Poverty (IRP) launched a major research initiative designed to enhance understanding of how policies and programs can build economic self-sufficiency by increasing employment, wages, labor market skills, and earnings. It is one of three such integrated research projects that extend over three-year periods with a range of activities that are focused on topics related to three themes identified by IRP as key trends in poverty and policy: Economic Self-Sufficiency, Family Change and Poverty, and the Intergenerational Transmission of Poverty.

For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/research/humancapital.htm


Indicators of Welfare Dependence, 2013

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services prepared this annual report to Congress on indicators and predictors of welfare dependence. The twelfth edition of the Indicators of Welfare Dependence report provides welfare dependence indicators through 2009, reflecting changes that have taken place since the enactment of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in August 1996. This report uses data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) and administrative data for the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) programs to provide updated measures.

For more information, please see: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/13/Indicators/rpt.pdf


The Case Load Capacity Calculator, 2013

The Case Management Society of America (CMSA) launched a tool for case managers, the Case Load Capacity Calculator (CLCC), which presents itself as an opportunity to begin laying the foundation for evidence-based caseloads for a variety of settings. The CLCC is an online tool that is used as an information-exchange platform that allows case managers to track their case loads and see how they compare to their peers in similar settings and conditions.

For more information, please see: http://clcc.cm-innovators.com/


Good Workers for Good Jobs: Improving Education and Workforce Systems in the US, December 2012

The National Poverty Center released a working paper bibliography that explores the positive effects of partnerships between colleges, workforce institutions, and employers. The paper states that stagnant earnings and growing inequality in the US labor market reflect both a slowdown in the growth of worker skills and the growing matching of good-paying jobs to skilled workers, and argues that improving the ties between these organizations would help more workers gain the needed skills. The paper includes evaluation evidence to show that training programs linked to employers and good-paying jobs are often cost-effective, and that helping more States develop such programs and systems would raise worker earnings and reduce inequality.

For more information, please see: http://npc.umich.edu/publications/u/2012-20%20NPC%20Working%20Paper.pdf


From Multiple Program Participation to Disconnection in Wisconsin, November 2012

The Institute for the Research on Poverty released an article that explores the declining availability of cash welfare, and the effects of an income support system that increasingly provides benefits that complement, rather than replace, paid work. According to the authors, these realities raise concerns about families disconnected from work and welfare. The article analyzes how patterns of disconnection vary for different program participation populations, across cohorts and over time for a given cohort, and by different definitions of "disconnection."

For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/focus/pdfs/foc282c.pdf


Webinar: Maximizing Multiple Funding Streams to Improve Employment Outcomes, November 2012

On November 28, 2012, the Office of Family Assistance hosted the second Webinar in a series highlighting promising practices for building sustainable subsidized employment programs. This Webinar provided an overview of the available funding streams for subsidized employment programs; discussed the varied funding sources' requirements and restrictions and how they can be combined and leveraged; and outlined practical strategies used by peer agencies to create/expand subsidized employment programs for TANF participants and low-income workers. Presenters for this Webinar included representatives from MDRC, the Connecticut Department of Labor, the Hartford Foundation for Public Giving in Connecticut, and the Ohio Human Relations Council.

MMFS Webinar - Slides [PDF - 1,828 KB]

MMFS - Transcript [PDF - 320 KB]

MMFS - Q & A Responses [PDF - 133 KB]


Online Services for Key Low-Income Benefit Programs, May 2012

This resource was recently updated by the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities and offers links to online State information provided about key social services benefit programs, including SNAP (food stamps), Medicaid, SCHIP, TANF, and child care. Using the information that States provide online, authors link information on these benefit programs together to provide a comprehensive overview of not only eligibility, but also the benefit structure of the aforementioned benefit programs.

For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=1414


Six States to Streamline Low-Income Families' Access to Work Support Benefits, April 2012

Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, North Carolina, Rhode Island, and South Carolina have been awarded three year grants to implement user-friendly and quick-to-deliver public benefit systems. The grants, as part of the Work Support Strategies: Streamlining Access, Strengthening Families (WSS) initiative, are largely funded through the Ford Foundation, with additional funding from the Open Society Foundations and the Annie E. Casey Foundation.

For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/publications/901498.html


Promising Pathways Initiative Innovation Institute, March 2012

On March 13-14, 2012, the Office of Family Assistance (OFA) convened the Promising Pathways Initiative Innovation Institute in Washington, DC. The Promising Pathways Initiative provides technical assistance to state and local TANF programs and nonprofit organizations to promote successful outcomes for low-income families, and seeks to address the knowledge needs of the TANF field through an evidence-informed practice approach. The Initiative is grounded in the research on evidence-based practices. The Promising Pathways Initiative supported ten selected sites from the ten OFA Regions by building capacity of the sites to identify practice and program components; develop and document evidence; and articulate the resulting “story” about the effectiveness of the program or practice. The Innovation Institute focused on capacity-building for evidence-informed practice through identifying and sharing innovative approaches to service delivery for TANF families and low-income populations. Nine of the ten Promising Pathways sites from Regions I through X participated in the Institute. The goals of the Institute were to: (1) Provide cross-site networking between Promising Pathways sites leading to increased capacity to implement evidence-informed practice; (2) Provide interaction and dialogue between Promising Pathways sites surrounding innovative approaches and supportive technical assistance resulting from participation in the Promising Pathways Initiative; and (3) Discuss and examine processes and tools that can be institutionalized in Promising Pathways sites to support sustainable evidence-informed programming for TANF and low-income populations.

Agenda [PDF - 581 KB]

Participant Lists: Site Representatives [PDF - 378 KB] Speakers [PDF - 370 KB] Federal Staff [PDF - 365 KB] TA Team Coaches [PDF - 366 KB] Staff [PDF - 367 KB]

Biographies: Speakers [PDF - 389 KB] Team Leaders [PDF - 375 KB]

Site Information: Arkansas [PDF - 249 KB] Kentucky [PDF - 303 KB] Pennsylvania [PDF - 280 KB]

Communicating Your Mission and Telling Your Story: Ways to Work Presentation [PDF - 379 KB] ICF International Presentation [PDF - 1,096 KB] ICF Social Media Card [PDF - 65 KB] ICF Digital Storyboarding [PDF - 103 KB]

Measuring Return On Investment (ROI) for State Government: Presentation [PDF - 116 KB] Logic Model Template [PDF - 75 KB] Glossary [PDF - 150 KB] Data List [PDF - 161 KB]

Mapping the Assets in Your Community: LINC Infographics [PDF - 4,868 KB] BCT-FSI Asset Mapping Overview [PDF - 8,345 KB]

Making Data Useful: GWU Presentation [PDF - 6,143 KB] Tanana Chiefs Conference Presentation [PDF - 727 KB] Dorcas Place Presentation [PDF - 273 KB]

Moving Innovation Forward: Annie E. Casey Foundation Presentation [PDF - 808 KB]

Promising Innovations: What we learned about Evidence-informed Practice from Our Sites: ICF International Presentation [PDF - 719 KB]

Executive Summary [PDF - 1,241 KB]

Technical Assistance Team [PDF - 164 KB]


TANF and the Broader Safety Net, January 2012

The Urban Institute produced this research brief for the Administration for Children and Families’ Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation. Authors offer information on programs that can help provide TANF participants with additional support, such as tax credits and in-kind benefits. The brief includes information on the connections between current safety net programs and TANF, and finds that there is wide variation in these connections. TANF can often be a gateway for families in accessing other safety net programs, and it is important to foster such a linkage at the state and local levels.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/other_resrch/tanf_ccdf/reports/broader_safety.pdf


Disparities and Disproportionality in Child Welfare: Analysis of the Research, December 2011

This report provides a compilation of papers from a research symposium, which was convened by the Center for the Study of Social Policy and the Annie E. Casey Foundation, on behalf of the Alliance for Racial Equity in Child Welfare. Experts in the field of child welfare provide an overview of the state of racial disparities within the child welfare system, including researchers from the American Humane Association, Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago, the Jane Addams College of Social Work at the University of Illinois at Chicago, among others.

For more information, please see: http://www.cssp.org/publications/child-welfare/alliance/Disparities-and-Disproportionality-in-Child-Welfare_An-Analysis-of-the-Research-December-2011.pdf


Creating Pathways to Opportunity, October 2011

From the White House, this report highlights the work of the Obama Administration to help lift people out of poverty and support families during the economic recession. Specifically, it is estimated that the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 helped keep 6 million people out of poverty. Additionally, the inception of the Making Work Pay Tax Credit and expansion of the Earned Income Tax Credit and Child Tax Credit helped keep 3.2 million people out of poverty. Over the President’s first term, these efforts helped offer $3,600 in tax relief to a typical family earning around $30,000 a year.

For more information, please see: http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/revised_creating_pathways_to_opportunity_report_10_14_11.pdf


Household Income Trends During the Recession and Economic Recovery, October 2011

On October 10, 2011, Sentier Research released its first report on a new monthly series that examines household income trends within the United States. This report researched household income trends within the context of the economic recovery from June 2009 to June 2011. In order to further analyze median household income each month, the report applies a Household Income Index (HII), which is tracked from January 2000 and will be evaluated through the Fall of 2012 when the U.S. Census Bureau releases its income and poverty report for 2011. Also included in the report is median household income data unique to demographic, economic and social groups as well as a graph of the HII and the unemployment rate from January 2000 to June 2011.

For more information, please see: http://www.sentierresearch.com/pressreleases/SentierResearch_PressRelease_October_10_2011.pdf


Subsidizing Employment Opportunities for Low-Income Families: A Review of State Employment Programs Created through the TANF Emergency Fund, October 2011

This report was released by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation as part of the Subsidized and Transitional Employment Demonstration (STED). The authors present findings from an implementation study of how TANF Emergency Funds were used to support subsidized employment in 2009 and 2010 as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. States’ and localities’ implemented subsidized employment programs vary differently across the country, and this report documents those differences.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/welfare_employ/stedep/reports/tanf_emer_fund.pdf


How Do States' Safety Net Policies Affect Poverty?, September 2011

From the Urban Institute, this report provides information on how safety net policies can reduce poverty using the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM). The SPM adds near-cash benefits and tax credits to income, deducts necessary expenses, and uses recent, geographically-sensitive poverty thresholds. Researchers implemented the SPM in Georgia, Illinois, and Massachusetts to help better understand the role of safety net programs in those states on poverty. Authors review the safety net policies in each state and discuss how safety net policies are affecting poverty.

For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412398-How-Do-State-Safety-Net-Policies-Affect-Poverty.pdf


Characteristics of Low-Income Single Mothers Disconnected from Work and Public Assistance, August 2011

The Urban Institute conducted an examination of single mothers who are disconnected from work and public assistance. In this fact sheet, authors make comparisons between disconnected mothers and all low-income mothers from 2004 and 2008 data. The fact sheet reviews factors that can lead a single mother to become disconnected and reconnected to work and public assistance. Disconnected mothers are more likely to live with others, have a higher likelihood of experiencing work barriers, and experience greater loss of employment.

For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412375-Low-Income-Single-Mothers-Disconnected-from-Work.pdf


What Role is Welfare Playing in this Period of High Unemployment?, August 2011

The Urban Institute issued this report on the role of the TANF program during the current economic recession. From 2007 to 2010, the national unemployment rate increased by 88 percent, while the TANF caseload rose by 14 percent. Authors provide state data on TANF and unemployment and offer commentary on the role of TANF as a safety net during times of recession.

For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412378-Role-of-Welfare-in-this-Period-of-High-Unemployment.pdf


The Effects of the Safety Net on Child Poverty in Three States, July 2011

The Urban Institute utilized the Supplemental Poverty Measure (SPM), a newly updated measure, to conduct an evaluation on the effects of the safety net on child poverty in the states of Georgia, Illinois and Massachusetts. An emphasis was placed on the effectiveness of using safety net as a way to combat child poverty. Specifically, means-tested programs helped reduce child poverty from 26.7 to 13.8 percent in Georgia, from 22.8 to 12.4 percent in Illinois, and from 19.4 to 9.0 percent in Massachusetts.

For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412374-effects-safety-net-child-poverty.pdf


Online Services for Key Low-Income Benefit Programs: What States Provide Online with Respect to SNAP, TANF, Child Care Assistance, Medicaid, and CHIP, June 2011

This resource is from the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities and offers links to online state information provided about key social services benefit programs, including SNAP (food stamps), Medicaid, SCHIP, TANF, and child care. Using the information that states provide online, authors link information on these benefit programs together to provide a comprehensive overview of not only eligibility, but also the benefit structure of the aforementioned benefit programs.

For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/files/1-14-04tanf.pdf


Providing Earning Supplements to Encourage and Sustain Employment: Lessons from Research and Practice, May 2011

This brief was prepared by MDRC for the Administration for Children and Families’ Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation. Authors present findings and lessons for policy and practice from a random assignment evaluation on five programs that provided earnings supplements. Focusing on the effects of such programs for single parents, findings show that these types of programs increase employment, income, and employment retention for participating families, but have limited effects on employment advancement.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/welfare_employ/employ_retention/reports/provide_earnings.pdf


Healthy Kids and Strong Working Families: Improving Economic Security for North Dakota Families with Children Brief, April 2011

Work supports such as the Earned Income Tax Credit, child care subsidies, and public health insurance can often help low-income working families reach self-sufficiency. Using the National Center for Children in Poverty’s Family Resource Simulator and Basic Needs Budget Calculator, authors provide an overview of the cost of living in North Dakota, which demonstrates the importance of work supports in helping low-income working families. Authors provide an assessment of how the current work support policies help families and the impact that slight increases in eligibility could have for working families.

For more information, please see: http://nccp.org/publications/pdf/text_1004.pdf


Policy Brief: Sharing Lessons from the First Conditional Cash Transfer Program in the United States, September 2010

The National Poverty Center at the University of Michigan authored this policy brief, which offers lessons learned from New York City’s conditional cash transfer program, Opportunity NYC: Family Rewards. The program was targeted to six of New York’s highest poverty neighborhoods with high rates of intergenerational poverty and offered cash assistance to reduce immediate hardship, which was conditioned on efforts to support children in school, gain family health care, and support parents’ job training and skill building. The evaluation revealed that the program had short-term positive impacts for families experiencing intergenerational poverty.

For more information, please see: http://npc.umich.edu/publications/policy_briefs/brief22/policybrief22.pdf


Back to Top


Child Care

Confronting the Child Care Eligibility Maze, December 2013

This paper was written with support from the Annie E. Casey Foundation as part of the Work Support Strategies (WSS) initiative, a multi-State, Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP)-led effort in partnership with the Urban Institute and the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. WSS provides a select group of States the opportunity to design, test, and implement more effective, streamlined, and integrated approaches to delivering key supports to low-income working families, including child care subsidies, health coverage, and nutrition benefits. The Ford Foundation is the project's lead funder. This paper provides an overview of steps that State child care agencies can take to reach the new vision described above, with practical examples of policy changes that States have taken and can take to move in this direction.

For more information, please see: http://www.clasp.org/admin/site/publications/files/WSS-CC-Paper.pdf


Child Care Assistance Policies: At a Pivot Point, October 2013

The National Women's Law Center's annual report on child care assistance policies found that States are at a pivot point as they make important decisions to build on their subsidy systems. The report finds that families are better off under one or more key child care assistant policies than they were last year in 27 States – however, in 24 States, families are doing worse. Expanded investments in child care are essential to ensure that parents have the affordable, reliable child care they need to work, children have the nurturing environments they need to learn and grow, and the nation has the strong workforce it needs now and in the future for economic prosperity.

For more information, please see: http://www.nwlc.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/final_nwlc_2013statechildcareassistancereport.pdf


When Child Welfare Works, October 2013

The Annie E. Casey Foundation released a working paper on the Federal child welfare financing system and its need to be supported by best practices in order to ensure that all children have the opportunity to grow up in strong families. This paper outlines a policy framework and recommendations to encourage best practices in four areas: permanence and well-being; quality family foster care; a capable, supported child welfare workforce; and better access to services.

For more information, please see: http://www.aecf.org/~/media/Pubs/Topics/Child%20Welfare%20Permanence/Permanence/WhenChildWelfareWorks/WhenChildWelfareWorksWorkingPaper.pdf


Better for Babies – A Study of State Infant and Toddler Child Care Policies, August 2013

The Center for Law and Social Policy released this paper documenting where State policies stand in relation to a set of key child care subsidy, licensing, and quality improvement policies that support the healthy growth and development of infants and toddlers in child care settings. Data in this report was collected through a State survey, as well as from publicly available data sources. Collectively, they offer a baseline of policies important for babies in either home-based or center child care.

For more information, please see: http://www.clasp.org/resources-and-publications/publication-1/BetterforBabies2.pdf


Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) Promotes Work, Encourages Children's Success at School, Research Finds, Center for Budget and Policy Priorities, April 2013

The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities released an article suggesting that EITC's benefits extend well beyond the limited time during which a family typically claims the credit. The article indicates that children of EITC recipients do better in school, are more likely to attend college, and earn more as adults. The Child Tax Credit (CTC) is discussed, which is a related credit that is designed to help offset the cost of child-rearing, and also plays a major role in helping low-income working families.

For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/files/6-26-12tax.pdf


Child Care Subsidies Critical for Low-Income Families Amid Rising Child Care Expenses, March 2013

The University of New Hampshire Scholars' Repository released a policy brief discussing the high cost of child care as a barrier to employment among low-income families with young children. This policy brief also compares the shares of income spent on child care in 2005 and 2011 using data collected by the U.S. Census Bureau. The brief reports that child care expenditures were higher on average in 2011 than in 2005 (in constant 2011 dollars), and that employed, poor mothers with child care expenses spent more than one-third of their incomes on child care in 2005 and 2011.

For more information, please see: http://scholars.unh.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1194&context=carsey


Validation of Quality Rating and Improvement Systems for Early Care and Education and School-age Care, April 2012

The Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families within the Department of Health and Human Services authored this report on Quality Rating and Improvement System (QRIS) validation. Quality Rating and Improvement Systems are designed to acquire information about child care and education program quality, which is then used to produce program-level ratings. These systems allow for transparency for both parents and stakeholders in understanding and choosing high quality child care. Authors define how to validate a QRIS, provide guidance on how to design a validation plan, and offer tools to help improve QRIS validation.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/cc/childcare_technical/reports/val_qual_early.pdf


Child Care Choices of Low-Income Working Families, May 2011

From the Urban Institute, this report offers an overview of findings from a qualitative study of the child care choices of low-income working families across two urban communities. Study participants include 86 parents. Interviews provide insight into family experiences and parental preferences, including the contexts of their employment and child care programs in their communities. The report concludes with policy recommendations for supporting parents in accessing affordable and high quality child care.

For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/uploadedpdf/412343-Child-Care-Choices.pdf


Back to Top


Child Support

2013 Tribal TANF – Child Welfare Coordination Projects Annual Grantee Meeting, August 2013

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Office of Family Assistance (OFA) hosted the 2013 Tribal TANF--Child Welfare Coordination Projects Annual Grantee Meeting on August 14-15, 2013 in Denver, Colorado. The meeting provided Tribal TANF--Child Welfare Coordination Project grantees with the opportunity to share information with their peers regarding their program structure and performance. The meeting also addressed grant requirements for Year Two of the projects, strategies for building coalitions in Native American communities, home visiting programs, program sustainability, and approaches for documenting cross-agency coordination and collaboration.

Meeting Agenda [PDF - 979 KB]

Meeting Biographies [PDF - 311 KB]

Association of Village Council Presidents Healthy Families PPT [PDF - 5,222 KB]

CCTHITA - Tribal Families and Youth Services PPT [PDF - 2,194 KB]

Chippewa Cree Tribal TANF Child Welfare Coordination Grant PPT [PDF - 761 KB]

Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians [PDF - 5,631 KB]

Cook Inlet Tribal Council PPT [PDF - 58 KB]

Fact Sheet on Tribal TANF and Economic Development [PDF - 93 KB]

Forest County Potawatomi PPT [PDF - 6,946 KB]

GOODAI PPT [PDF - 4,527 KB]

Hoopa Valley Tribe PPT [PDF - 6,268 KB]

Study of Coordination of Tribal TANF and Child Welfare Services (TT-CW) [PDF - 1,321 KB]

Nooksack TANF PPT [PDF - 1,964 KB]

Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe ASK PPT [PDF - 2,089 KB]

Summaries of Current ACF Research in Tribal Communities [PDF - 88 KB]

Quileute PPT [PDF - 8,023 KB]

Squaxin Island Tribe PPT [PDF - 489 KB]

Foster Parent Navigators PPT [PDF - 1,495 KB]

Administration for Native Americans Training and Technical Assistance PPT [PDF - 85 KB]

Tribal TANF and Child Welfare Coordination Grantee Meeting PPT [PDF - 512 KB]

Internal Controls_Part 6 of 2013 Compliance Supplement [PDF - 249 KB]

Overview of Tribal MIECHV Program [PDF - 494 KB]

Final Report [PDF - 511 KB]


Sustainable Employment Strategies: A TANF, Workforce, and Child Support Collaboration, August 2013

The Region IV Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance (OFA), Region IV U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), and Region IV Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) convened a meeting entitled "Sustainable Employment Strategies: A TANF, Workforce, and Child Support Collaboration" in Atlanta, Georgia from August 14-16, 2013. The meeting provided TANF, Workforce, Child Support administrators and staff with an open forum for discussing critical issues impacting the collaboration of their respective entities towards sustainable employment strategies for their TANF and hard-to-serve population, and an opportunity to network both amongst themselves and with Region IV leadership. Region IV staff from each agency – ACF, DOL, and OCSE – shared lessons learned and gathered strategies that can improve their own programs' ability to identify and address multiple barriers, and develop pathways to create sustainable employment and career building opportunities for program participants. In addition, the meeting gave participants an opportunity to meet with their individual State teams to develop action plans that support interagency collaboration.

Agenda [PDF - 574 KB] Participant List [PDF - 512 KB] Speaker Biographies [PDF - 530 KB] Welcome Letter [PDF - 144 KB]

Addressing Barriers to Employment: Criminal History: Re-entry Job Details Description 1 [PDF - 724 KB] Re-entry Job Details Description 2 [PDF - 445 KB] Network Contacts Blank Form [PDF - 141 KB] Strategic Outreach Presentation [PDF - 405 KB] Telephone Log Blank Form [PDF - 72 KB] TOPPSTEP Client Job Search Plan [PDF - 254 KB] TOPPSTEP: The Offender Parolee Probationer State Training Employment Program Presentation [PDF - 405 KB]

Addressing Barriers to Employment: Learning Disabilities and Adult Basic Education: o Addressing Barriers to Employment: Learning Disabilities and Adult Basic Education Presentation [PDF - 1,238 KB]

Pre-Conference Session: Business Service Training: How to Work with Employers Presentation [PDF - 15,347 KB] How to Make Career Connections Presentation [PDF - 1,678 KB] Business Engagement Action Plan Blank Worksheet [PDF - 116 KB]

Engaging Non-custodial Parents (NCP) in the Family's Self-Sufficiency Strategy: Child Support, Workforce and TANF Partnerships: Putting NCPs to Work Presentation [PDF - 559 KB] Texas Workforce Commission – NCP Choices Program Guide [PDF - 1,153 KB] NCP Choices – Comprehensive Field Guide [PDF - 6,709 KB]

Facilitated Panel – A Dialogue about Employer Needs: AETC Prescreen Blank Worksheet [PDF - 396 KB]

Importance of Employment Collaboration: Importance of Employment Collaboration Presentation [PDF - 742 KB] A Brief Review of the DOL Performance Regression Model Presentation [PDF - 3,297 KB]

Sustainable Solutions Session: The Annie E. Casey Foundation – Atlanta Civic Site Brochure [PDF - 2,887 KB] Sustainable Solutions – Atlanta Civic Site Presentation [PDF - 615 KB] South Carolina Center for Fathers and Families Overview Presentation [PDF - 85 KB]

Addressing Family Homelessness: Addressing Family Homelessness Presentation [PDF - 261 KB]

North Carolina TANF/Head Start Collaboration: North Carolina TANF/Head Start Collaboration Worksheet [PDF - 384 KB]

Resources: Additional Links [PDF - 223 KB] Program Summary Fact Sheet [PDF - 84 KB]

Final Report [PDF - 1,546 KB]


National Foster Care Month Celebrates 25 Years, May 2013

In the quarter-century since this observance was established, the child welfare system in the United States has undergone dramatic shifts.

For more information, please see: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/05/national-foster-care-month-celebrates-25-years


Placement Stability in Child Welfare, May 2013

Survey found 22.3 percent of children in families investigated for maltreatment were placed out of home at least once in the 18 months following the close of investigation.

For more information, please see: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/05/placement-stability-in-child-welfare


Working with Child Support: Effective Strategies from Model State and Local Partnerships, March 2013

The National Responsible Fatherhood Clearinghouse hosted a webinar on March 28, 2013 on effective strategies from model States and local partnerships. This webinar provided ideas and resources to help responsible fatherhood practitioners understand and meet the needs of non-custodial fathers and their families. It featured an overview of Federal, State, and local policies, partnerships and initiatives; explained how fatherhood practitioners can partner with local child support offices; and generally explored strategies to help non-custodial fathers and their families.

For more information, please see: http://fatherhood.gov/for-programs/resources/webinar-archives/webinars-2013


New Administration for Children, Youth, and Families (ACYF) Projects Promote Integrated Approach in Child Welfare, January 2013

ACYF funds grants, cooperative agreements, and demonstration projects to promote social and emotional well-being, along with safety and permanency, for children and youth who come to the attention of the child welfare system.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/01/new-acyf-projects-promote-integrated-approach-in-child-welfare


Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) Map of State and Local IV-D Agencies, 2012

OCSE maintains a comprehensive map of all State child support enforcement web pages.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cse/extinf.html


The Role of Child Support in the Current Economic Safety Net for Low-Income Families with Children, 2012

Through secondary analysis, this study examines which benefits and financial supports low income families access, with a particular focus on child support. The aim is to explore how families create their own economic safety net package from among the existing benefit programs. It was found that higher levels of child support receipt corresponded with higher levels of work, however that child support did not replace any type of welfare benefit but rather, compliments it.

For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/research/childsup/cspolicy/pdfs/2011-12/Task%2011_CS11-12-Report.pdf


Promoting Child Well-Being & Family Self Sufficiency Fact Sheet Series, June 2011

The Office of Child Support Enforcement recently launched a Fact Sheet Series. The child support program serves a quarter of all children and half of all poor children. Created primarily to recover welfare costs, Congress has steadily embraced a broader mission for the child support program through legislative change, resulting in a gradual shift to a program that promotes child well-being and family self-sufficiency by making child support a reliable source of income.

While working well for most families, the program has faced a greater challenge serving low income parents. To improve child support outcomes for all, state child support agencies are now using a wide range of family-centered innovations to increase the ability of parents to support their children, in recognition that collection of support depends on the noncustodial parent’s employment, cooperation between parents, and parents’ emotional connection with their children.

Often, the most effective way to make sure that children can count on regular child support payments is to address the underlying reasons parents are not paying their obligations, whether they are unemployment, parental conflict, or disengagement. State child support agencies are partnering with fatherhood, workforce, and reentry programs in outreach, referral, case management and other strategies that are often organized into six areas:

1. Preventing the need for child support enforcement,

2. Engaging fathers from the birth of their first child,

3. Promoting family economic stability,

4. Helping build healthy family relationships,

5. Ensuring that families have meaningful health care coverage, and

6. Preventing and reducing family violence.

To celebrate Father’s Day, OCSE released a series of fact sheets highlighting how child support innovations in each of these areas can improve child support and child well-being. The fact sheets provide examples of promising practices from across the country.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cse/


Back to Top


Education

Measuring Alternative Educational Credentials: 2012, January 2014

The U.S. Census Bureau recently released this report that states that, as of Fall 2012, more than 50 million U.S. adults (about 25 percent of the adult population) had received a professional certification, license, or educational certificate that was not a degree awarded by a college or university. Of the awardees, some 34 million had a professional certification of license, 7 million had an educational certificate, and 12 million had received both a professional certification or license and an educational certificate.

For more information, please see: http://www.census.gov/prod/2014pubs/p70-138.pdf


Grant Opportunity for Youth Career Connect, December 2013

The Department of Labor announced the Youth Career Connect initiative that will provide up to $100 million in grant funds to 25 to 40 grantees using funding from H-1B fees. Eligible entities include local education agencies, public or non-profit local workforce entities, or non-profits with education reform experience. This grant is to be used to help high school students understand the importance of education and technical training for specific high-growth industries and occupations as a means for long-term success in the world of work. The application deadline is January 27, 2014.

For more information, please see: http://www.grants.gov/view-opportunity.html?oppId=247913


The Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP): Launching a Nationwide Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Effort, November 2013

The Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) was authorized by Congress to reduce teen pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, and associated risk behaviors. Grantees across the country had flexibility in how they would implement their programs. This report is the first report from the PREP evaluation sponsored by the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation and conducted by Mathematica Policy Research. Authors interviewed State grantee officials to document the program decisions made across 44 States and Washington DC in designing the program. Among the key findings, researchers found that many of the programs are evidence-based and targeting high-risk youth. Additionally, States have developed their programs in different ways to educate on abstinence and contraception. The evaluation will include an additional round of interviews in 2014, performance management data analysis, and an analysis of program impacts using random assignment across four to five sites.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/prep_eval_design_survey_report_102213.pdf


Literacy, Numeracy, and Problem Solving in Technology-Rich Environments Among U.S. Adults – First Look, October 2013

The U.S. Department of Education and the National Center for Education Statistics released a report examining the basic skills of American adults by demographic and other socioeconomic factors including race, educational attainment, foreign status, and age. This critical information will allow for the design of smarter, more effective policy solutions that improve the skills of American adults and youth.

For more information, please see: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2014/2014008.pdf


Providing Effective Follow-Up Services for Youth, September 2013

The development of an individualized follow-up service plan is an important aspect to help youth successfully transition to employment or further education. This Workforce3 One Webinar focused on the requirements, challenges and effective practices for follow-up services in youth workforce programs. The webinar emphasized creating a well-prepared follow-up strategy to provide an opportunity for staff to continue his/her partnerships with the participant and with key organizations to help youth meet their objectives.

Click here to view Webinar recording.

Click here to view Webinar slides.

Click here to view Webinar transcript.


Raising Smart, Healthy Kids in Every State, September 2013

Together with eight early childhood and public health organizations, the Center on Law and Social Policy (CLASP) released Raising Smart, Healthy Kids in Every State, a report that details the early childhood and health benefits of President Obama's plan to expand early education. These educational and health benefits found in the President's plan are detailed both nationwide and in each State. Benefits include providing nearly 335,000 additional children from low- and moderate-income families access to high-quality preschool programs in the first year alone, and up to two million by year 10. The report also outlines the benefits of the proposal with the provision of State-by-State fact sheets.

For more information, please see: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/microsites/healthykids/downloadables/SmartHealthyKids_report.pdf


What Does One Million Look Like? It Is a Lot, July 2013

Learn how homelessness is affecting our youngest children and what Head Start/Early Head Start can do to help.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/07/what-does-one-million-look-like-it-is-a-lot


Enhancing GED Instruction to Prepare Students for College and Careers, May 2013

MDRC released a brief on the GED Bridge to Health and Business Program. This program was developed to better understand how adult education programs might strengthen pathways to college and careers. The GED Bridge program represents a new approach to GED instruction, as it aims to better prepare students not only to pass the GED exam, but also to continue on to college and training programs. This brief details some of the key findings from this study as well as their implications for future research and for the development of stronger GED and adult education programming.

For more information, please see: http://www.mdrc.org/sites/default/files/Enhancing_GED_Instruction_brief.pdf?utm_source=MDRC+Updates&utm_campaign=0e27447f74-May_16_20135_14_2013&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_504d5ac165-0e27447f74-34935


Connecting the Disconnected: Improving Education and Employment Outcomes among Disadvantaged Youth, Institute for Research on Poverty, April 2013

The National Institute for Research on Poverty released a discussion paper that briefly reviews recent trends in employment outcomes for disadvantaged youth, focusing specifically on those who have become "disconnected" from school and the labor market. The paper explores why these trends have occurred, and then reviews a range of policy prescriptions that might improve those outcomes. These reviewed policies include: 1) Efforts to enhance education and employment outcomes, both among in-school youth who are at risk of dropping out and becoming disconnected, as well as out-of-school youth who have already done so; 2) Policies to increase earnings and incent more labor force participation among youth, such as expanding the eligibility of childless adults (and especially non-custodial parents) for the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC); and 3) Specific policies to reduce barriers to employment faced by ex-offenders and non-custodial parents (NCPs). The paper also considers policies that target the demand side of the labor market, in an effort to spur the willingness of employers to hire these young people and perhaps to improve the quality of jobs available to them.

For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp141213.pdf


Eduployment: Creating Opportunity Policies for America's Youth, April 2013

This brief from the Youth Transition Funders Group highlights challenges in current policy related to youth education and employment and offers recommendations for change. The brief is targeted at policymakers and philanthropic organizations interested in funding youth employment and education initiatives. It emphasizes philanthropic collaboration as a means to shape the scope of future initiatives.

For more information, please see: http://www.ytfg.org/documents/eduployment.pdf


Exploring College and Career Options, April 2013

ConnectEd released a video about the Exploring College and Career Options (ECCO) curriculum, developed by MDRC and Bloom Associates, which includes lessons and activities that help students prepare for college and careers that expose them to real-world experiences on college campuses and in the workplace.

To view this video, please see: http://www.mdrc.org/exploring-college-and-career-options?utm_source=MDRC+Updates&utm_campaign=6f823ceccb-April_11_New_from_MDRC4_10_2013&utm_medium=email


Podcast: Arkansas Career Pathways Initiative, April 2013

In March of 2012, the WPTA Network collaborated with Arkansas's Career Pathways Initiative - a partnership between Arkansas's Department of Higher Education and Department of Workforce Services - to learn more about their program's growth and the successes with workforce-ready adults.

This podcast highlights the Arkansas Career Pathways Initiative (CPI) which provides a comprehensive set of academic and support services designed to enable low-income, low-skilled individuals to acquire the degrees and/or credentials required to obtain and hold jobs in high-demand, high-wage industries. Staff from the Arkansas Career Pathways Initiative explained the complexity of the collaborations necessary to provide services that enable low-income job seekers to receive educational services, as well as how to help participants understand the importance of education in addition to work activities and employment.

To view this podcast, please see: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qwAlpqb20Xs&list=PLypiJrod4Deh0o7XBiLkWbcBPslusy706&index=4


State U Online, April 2013

The New American Foundation released a report called, "State U Online." It offers policy recommendations for States that are interested in creating online higher education systems. It suggests creating sustainable cost structures so institutions do not have to rely on State legislature allocations. Additionally, the report advises States to provide incentives to faculty to develop online courses, mitigate retention problems by supporting students, experiment with innovative course and credit delivery, and ensure credits transfer with students when they move from one school to another. The report also provides a history of distance learning, State examples, and case studies.

For more information, please see: http://education.newamerica.net/sites/newamerica.net/files/policydocs/FINAL_FOR_RELEASE_STATE_U_ONLINE.pdf


2014 GED Test and Its Impact on Adult Literacy Providers, March 2013

ProLiteracy and its publishing division New Readers Press released their latest white paper, "The 2014 GED® (General Equivalency Diploma) Test and Its Impact on Adult Literacy Providers." The white paper addresses the core challenges adult literacy and basic education programs face in trying to prepare students for the new test, which launches in January 2014. The report notes that, as a result of more rigorous assessment targets and the computerization of the GED test, programs and providers must search for creative ways to build infrastructure and adapt curricula or risk being unable to prepare students for taking the new test.

For more information, please see: http://www.proliteracy.org/Downloads/ProLiteracy_ged-white-paper.pdf


Improving College Readiness in the Age of the Common Core, March 2013

MDRC released a policy memo as part of their "Looking Forward" series, providing policymakers with suggested ways to make progress on critical issues. This policy memo describes some promising college readiness programs that can provide students with the skills they need to successfully complete college.

For more information, please see: http://www.mdrc.org/sites/default/files/College_readiness_030613%20%282%29.pdf


Helping Adult Learners Navigate Community College and the Labor Market, February 2013

Aspen Institute's Workforce Strategies Initiative report highlights the numerous challenges adult learners face as they attempt to enter community college, persist to completing a certificate or degree, and successfully transition to employment. The report also provides various examples on how nonprofit organizations and community colleges have worked together to help adult learners overcome these challenges.

For more information, please see: http://www.aspenwsi.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/update_cte_march2013.pdf


Webinar: Dads Stepping Up to Protect America's Children, February 2013

The National Fatherhood Leaders Group will be offering a free Webinar on Thursday, February 28, 2013 at 2:00 p.m. EST. The Webinar "Dads Stepping Up to Protect America's Children" will feature national experts on father involvement discussing safety concerns of children and suggest individual, community and programmatic responses to increase the safety of children, with a specific focus on education.

For more information, please see: http://www.nflgonline.org/NFLG%20Webinar022813.aspx


Continuing Education Resources for Veterans, January 2013

The Accredited Online Colleges Web site posted an article providing Veterans with information on the utilization of funds awarded to them by the GI Bill towards a university education. This article addresses what kinds of education the post 9/11 GI Bill will pay for, any issues or barriers that may stem from this bill, as well as reasons for attending an accredited college. Lastly, this article provides a link to each State's Veterans Affairs Department.

For more information, please see: http://www.accreditedonlinecolleges.org/resources/veteran-continuing-ed/


Cutting the Red Tape for Foster Youth Success, January 2013

President Barack Obama signed into law the Uninterrupted Scholars Act, which allows child welfare professionals to access a foster youth's education records in order to transfer credits to new schools in a timely manner -- cutting down on bureaucracy and improving the chances for graduation.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/01/cutting-the-red-tape-for-foster-youth-success


Preparing for Changes in the General Equivalency Degree (GED), January 2013

CLASP released an article discussing the new changes that will occur in 2014 to the General Equivalency Degree (GED) test. This change will impact roughly 25.7 million people between the ages 18 and 64 who are without a high school diploma. A major change includes a redesign of the subject-matter tests to incorporate more college readiness standards, as well as moving the test to a computerized-only format. The new GED test will also consider five primary issues that have implications on the youth and young adults participating in the test. These include: test preparation and instruction costs; transitioning to a computerized version; availability of testing centers; and testing content and impact on current GED programs. While there is still controversy about the value of a GED versus a high school diploma, in high poverty communities, the GED may be the only viable option available for individuals like disconnected youth to access employment.

For more information, please see: http://org2.democracyinaction.org/o/5728/p/salsa/web/common/public/content?content_item_KEY=10687


Strengthening Literacy and Father-Child Relationships through Reading, January 2013

This brief describes several program evaluations that demonstrate 1) parents can be taught how to effectively read with their children, and 2) children benefit academically from reading with their parents. Also provided are important program adaptations to consider when implementing father-focused literacy programs.

For more information, please see: http://womeninfatherhood.org/main/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Practice-Brief-Dads-and-Reading_1_12.pdf


Education to Employment: Designing a System that Works, 2013

McKinsey & Company's Center for Government (MCG) released a report titled, "Education to Employment: Designing a System that Works." This report examines dual global crises, the high levels of youth unemployment, and a shortage of job seekers with critical skills. The report discusses how a country can resolve this issue and bring young people from education to employment, examining more than 100 education-to-employment initiatives from 25 countries. In addition to this, a survey of youth, education providers, and employers in nine countries that are diverse in geography and socioeconomic contexts is assessed. Lastly, the report focuses on skill development, giving special attention to the mechanisms that connect education to employment

For more information, please see: http://mckinseyonsociety.com/downloads/reports/Education/Education-to-Employment_FINAL.pdf


Higher Education and the Opportunity Gap, 2013

Brookings released a paper touching upon the opportunity gap faced by Americans, and the difficulty for those individuals in the bottom ranks to move up. Children born into the top fifth of the income distribution have twice as much of a chance of becoming middle class or better in their adult years as those born into the bottom fifth. Suggestions are given on how to beat those odds, including the importance of a college degree and its implications on future career choices, mobility, and economic self-sufficiency.

For more information, please see: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2013/10/higher-education-opportunity-gap-sawhill


National Coalition for Literacy, 2013

The National Coalition for Literacy is charged with increasing awareness for adult education, family literacy, and English language acquisition across the country. The organization's Web Site includes a wide range of resources related to adult literacy, including fact sheets, policy areas, blog postings.

For more information, please see: http://www.national-coalition-literacy.org/


ProLiteracy, 2013

ProLiteracy champions the power of literacy to improve the lives of adults and their families, communities, and societies. This organization works with local, national, and international organizations to build the capacity and quality of programs that are teaching adults to read, write, compute, use technology, and learn English as a new language. This Web site provides information on literacy programs around the country and how literacy can be utilized to alleviate poverty.

For more information, please see: http://proliteracy.org/


Student Achievement in Reading (STAR), 2013

STAR is a training and technical assistance initiative of the Department of Education, Office of Vocational and Adult Education, Division of Adult Education and Literacy. It contains helpful research and information on adult literacy. One of their issue papers titled "The Role of Diagnostic Assessment in Implementing Evidence-Based Reading Instruction" may be particularly helpful to look at when implementing literacy assessments with their TANF population.

For more information, please see: http://www.startoolkit.org/


The U.S. Department of Labor's Competency Model Clearinghouse, 2013

The U.S. Department of Labor's Competency Model Clearinghouse (CMC) is an online resource that provides validated industry competency models that can be used as the basis of educational programs and curricula for a variety of industry sectors. The CMC also offers two tools designed to help businesses, educators, and workforce professionals achieve their talent development goals: the Build a Competency Model Tool and the Build a Career Ladder/Lattice Tool.

For more information, please see: http://www.careeronestop.org/competencymodel/


Adult Education Promotes Economic Opportunity, Creates Stable Families and Makes America More Competitive, September 2012

From the Center for Law and Social Policy, this resource provides an overview of the need for adult education, as nearly 30 million adults in the U.S. have below a high school education. The Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (Title II of the Workforce Investment Act) provides services to support two million adults in gaining basic skills and a high school equivalent degree. Such programs help adult workers gain the basic skills they need to attain and maintain employment, and thus, less reliance on economic support programs.

For more information, please see: http://www.clasp.org/admin/site/publications/files/AdultEducationJobsandtheEconomyFINAL.pdf


Department Awards $14.3 Million for 51 Grants to Boost Veterans' Success in Higher Education, September 2012

On September 28, 2012, the U.S. Department of Education announced the award of $14,392,377 for 51 Veterans Upward Bound projects, which will help some 6,831 veterans acquire the skills and knowledge they need to succeed in college. The projects aim to increase the college-going and completion rates of low-income, first-generation military veterans, and support the Administration's ongoing commitment to improving service members' transition from military life to civilian life by fostering educational opportunities and career and workforce readiness. The projects also support the President's goal for America to be first in the world in college graduates by 2020.

For more information, please see: http://www.ed.gov/news/press-releases/department-awards-143-million-51-grants-boost-veterans-success-higher-education


Investing in America's Future: A Blueprint for Transforming Career and Technical Education, April 2012

From the U.S. Department of Education, this report details how the United States will transform the workforce to focus on career and technical education. The President recently set a goal that by 2020, the United States would have the highest proportion of college graduates in the world. In 2006, the Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Act introduced important changes in federal support for career and technical education to improve the learning experiences of students. The President's plan for reauthorizing the Act is shaped by four principles: alignment, collaboration, accountability, and innovation. This report details changes to the Act proposed for reauthorization.

For more information, please see: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ovae/pi/cte/transforming-career-technical-education.pdf


Validation of Quality Rating and Improvement Systems for Early Care and Education and School-age Care, April 2012

The Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families within the Department of Health and Human Services authored this report on Quality Rating and Improvement System (QRIS) validation. Quality Rating and Improvement Systems are designed to acquire information about child care and education program quality, which is then used to produce program-level ratings. These systems allow for transparency for both parents and stakeholders in understanding and choosing high quality child care. Authors define how to validate a QRIS, provide guidance on how to design a validation plan, and offer tools to help improve QRIS validation.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/cc/childcare_technical/reports/val_qual_early.pdf


Facilitating Postsecondary Education and Training for TANF Recipients, March 2012

This brief from the Urban Institute and OPRE discusses existing rigorous research that has been completed regarding encouraging postsecondary education and training for TANF participants. Literature regarding educational and economic outcomes for TANF recipients as a result of programs connecting them with education and training is reviewed, and areas for future research are suggested.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/other_resrch/tanf_ccdf/reports/postsecondary.pdf


Accelerating Opportunity, February 2012

Many adults lack a high school degree, as 1.3 million high school students drop out every year. Accelerating Opportunity is an initiative designed to promote postsecondary education to help families build economic security. The initiative is focused on fostering a pathway for more low-income skilled adults to access education. The Web site provides a variety of information on curriculum and instruction, data, funding streams, labor market engagement, and model development.

For more information, please see: http://www.acceleratingopportunity.org/


Welfare Peer TA Highlight: Literacy, 2012

Many State TANF (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families) programs identify literacy services as a critical program component to provide participants. However, as most States experience budget shortfalls and are pressured to focus on job placement more often than remediation, literacy services are often underfunded. In general, those States that have been proactive in their approach to integrating adult literacy into their programs encourage personal responsibility and provide the needed foundation to engage in activities aimed at securing and maintaining employment. They have developed blended approaches that include, but are not limited to, remedial and secondary education programs, job-readiness training, employment/self-employment counseling, field training, and referral to services to improve life management skills. In these instances, the decisions were based on formal assessments and each State has amended the participant’s individual responsibility plan reflecting their training needs and including the necessary and available support services to ensure their success. The attached report provides an environmental scan of literacy resources, sample State programs and an overview of assessment tools.

Click Here. [PDF - 125 KB]


Characteristics of GED Recipients in High School: 2002-2006, November 2011

This Institute of Education Sciences (IES) issue brief compares demographic characteristics, 10th grade achievement levels, and plans for postsecondary education between GED recipients, high school graduates, and high school dropouts without a GED. The IES also reveals GED recipients’ reported reasons for leaving high school and their motivation to obtain a GED.

For more information, please see: http://ies.ed.gov/pubsearch/pubsinfo.asp?pubid=2012025


The Undereducated American, June 2011

Georgetown University released a study examining the status of the secondary education system within the United States. Ultimately, the study claims that increasing post-secondary education leads to a more equitable society. The study explains that an underproduction of college-educated workers in the United States leads to two problems: First, the problem of efficiency due to the loss of productivity of less educated workers; Second, the problem of equity as a slim number of post-secondary educated workers has created a significant gap in income between post-secondary educated and non-post-secondary educated workers.

For more information, please see: http://www9.georgetown.edu/grad/gppi/hpi/cew/pdfs/undereducatedamerican.pdf


Do Low-Income Students Have Equal Access to the Highest-Performing Teachers?, April 2011

The Institute for Education Sciences within the U.S. Department of Education issued this report, which discusses the prevalence of high-performing teachers in ten districts across seven states. The data show that, on average, low-income students have unequal access the highest-performing teachers at the middle school level but not at the elementary level. There was variation across the ten districts as high-poverty schools in some districts at both the elementary and middle school levels had fewer highest-performing teachers, other districts had an uneven distribution favoring lower-poverty schools only at the middle school level, and one district favored high-poverty elementary schools in its distribution of highest-performing teachers.

For more information, please see: http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/pubs/20114016/pdf/20114016.pdf


Transition Services Self-Assessment Toolkit for Adult Education and Developmental Bridge Programs, 2011

This toolkit provides self-assessment tools for programs seeking to enhance their bridge programs and other transitional services to adult learners. It provides three documents -- the first is the Team Survey, which measures program service usage as perceived by program staff. Next, a Service Usage Evaluation is included, which is designed to give an accurate picture of how services are actually being used. Finally, toolkit users complete a Service Improvement Plan to help prioritize any needed improvements to existing services.

For more information, please see: http://api.ning.com/files/1RVw4hIORnaLz3C3emD12CMUJI-gdsdsCvg2-m3nVylEq4kVk6dM1GJ1gqgNzyVAMZSnCZtvcTyuGrsqUUBAQilqCicK0Ptc/2011WEBridgeSelfAssessmentDRAFT.pdf


Workforce Education Standards for Adult Education Programs, 2011

These standards were developed by the Workforce Solutions Collaborative for the City of Philadelphia, which has a high rate of unskilled workers compared to available unskilled jobs. The standards are separated into seven content areas and reflect best practices for high-quality basic skills programs aimed at increasing employment outcomes for individuals. In addition to the standards, a self-assessment tool is included which can be used to determine an agency's capacity to provide services and as a road map to create development plans for future use.

For more information, please see: http://www.philaworks.org/sites/philaworks.org/files/news-pdf/Workforce%20Standards%20FINAL.pdf


CTE’s Role in Science, Technology, Engineering & Math, June 2009

From the Association for Career and Technical Education, this Issue Brief provides information on how the STEM disciplines (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) can support innovation in the American workforce. Some examples of careers through STEM disciplines include: GPS Technician, Food and Drug Inspector, Computer Programmer, Logistics Analyst, among many others. Authors provide an overview on how CTE programs can provide students with information regarding STEM career pathways to help grow the STEM workforce and increase the number of students from under represented populations in this field.

For more information, please see: http://www.acteonline.org/uploadedFiles/Publications_and_Online_Media/files/STEM_Issue_Brief.pdf


Back to Top


Food and Nutrition

SNAP Policy Brief: College Student Eligibility, February 2014

The Center for Law and Social Policy released a policy brief detailing certain additions to the recently passed 2014 Farm Bill that reauthorized the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Under the updated legislation, low-income college students are eligible for SNAP benefits. Even after accounting for all financial aid, many low-income college students have thousands of dollars of unmet need, even when they attend low-cost institutions such as community colleges. This need often leads students to drop out of college, or to work so many hours that it interferes with their attendance and success in classes. SNAP benefits will now help low-income college students meet their basic needs so they can afford and focus on their education.

For more information, please see


Longitudinal Statistics for New Supplemental Security Income Beneficiaries, November 2013

This report from Mathematica and the Social Security Administration provides the findings of a longitudinal study of when and if Supplemental Security Income (SSI) disability recipients return to work and utilize the SSI work incentives such as Ticket to Work. Though the data varied widely across States, it was found that younger SSI recipients are more likely to return to work and forfeit benefits than older recipients. A brief history of the Ticket to Work program is provided.

For more information, please see: http://www.ssa.gov/disabilityresearch/documents/SSI%20Cohort%20Report%20Final.pdf


Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Unemployment Insurance: How Tight Are the Strands of the Recessionary Safety Net?, November 2013

The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service released a report providing nationally representative annual estimates for 2004-2009 of households' multi-program or 'joint' participation patterns in both the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP) and the Unemployment Insurance (UI) program. These estimates include breakouts of household types categorized by household income relative to poverty, race/ethnicity and education level. The study found that an estimated 14.4 percent of SNAP households also received UI at some time in 2009 (a recessionary year), an increase of 6.6 percentage points from 2005 (a full-employment year).

For more information, please see: http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1216374/err157.pdf


The Effect of SNAP on Poverty, October 2013

The Institute for Research on Poverty released a discussion paper that systematically reviews the work on the antipoverty effect of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) using administrative and survey data. It found that antipoverty effects are even larger than those found in Census Bureau estimates if adjusted for underreporting. The article concludes that SNAP is the nation's most effective antipoverty program for the non-elderly when adjusted for underreporting, and can reduce extreme poverty by over 50 percent, being most effective for poor families with children.

For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp141513.pdf


Effects of the Decline in the Real Value of SNAP Benefits From 2009 to 2011, August 2013

The United States Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service released a report that estimates the extent to which inflation in food prices has eroded improvement in the food security of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipients that followed the increase in benefit size in April 2009 mandated by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA).

For more information, please see: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/err-economic-research-report/err151.aspx


Measuring the Effect of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Participation on Food Security, August 2013

A report by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) shows that participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is associated with improved food security. The study, conducted by Mathematica Policy Research, is the largest and most rigorous study to date that assesses the effect of SNAP participation on food security. SNAP (formerly known as food stamps) provides food assistance to more than 47 million low-income Americans every month in an effort to improve food security by facilitating beneficiaries' access to enough food for a healthy, active lifestyle.

For more information, please see: http://www.mathematica-mpr.com/publications/pdfs/Nutrition/SNAP_Food_Security.pdf


Tackling Native American Child Nutrition, August 2013

The Administration for Children and Families' programs are joining the fight for healthy and food secure American Indian and Alaska Native children and families.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/08/tackling-native-american-child-nutrition


White Paper on The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP), August 2013

The U.S. Department of Agriculture released a white paper on The Emergency Food Assistance Program, a program that helps supplement the diets of low-income Americans by providing them with emergency food and nutrition assistance at no cost. Further information on the program is provided, including the following: a program overview, TEFAP's response to the needs of U.S. low-income households and individuals, TEFAP's monetary contribution, characteristics of TEFAP participants, and the nutritional quality of TEFAP's foods.

For more information, please see: http://www.mathematica-mpr.com/publications/pdfs/nutrition/tefap_whitepaper.pdf


Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Work Requirements and Time Limits, June 2013

The Center for Law and Social Policy released a Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP) Policy Brief discussing SNAP work requirements and time limits. Background information is provided on SNAP, along with recommendations to improve program operations.

For more information, please see: http://www.clasp.org/admin/site/publications/files/SNAP-Work-Requirements-and-Time-Limits-ABAWD.pdf


Chartbook: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Helps Struggling Families Put Food on the Table, March 2013

The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP) released a SNAP chartbook. This chartbook highlights some of the key characteristics of the almost 47 million people using the program, as well as the data on program administration and use. It is divided into eight topic specific parts, and is intended to complement a more detailed analysis that the CBPP has released on particular aspects of SNAP.

For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=3744


Policy Basics: Introduction to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), March 2013

The Center for Budget and Policy Priorities released a Policy Basics report thoroughly discussing the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Topics covered include: Who is eligible for SNAP; How do people apply for SNAP?; How much do households receive in benefits?; How much does SNAP cost?; Special features of SNAP; and How effective and efficient is SNAP?

For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/files/policybasics-foodstamps.pdf


Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is Effective and Efficient, March 2013

The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities released a report discussing the importance of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). They stated that SNAP is the cornerstone of the nation's safety net and nutrition assistance programs, and has achieved impressive results in meeting the needs of low-income Americans. SNAP currently provides over 47 million participants in over 23 million low-income households with debit cards that can be used to purchase food each month. This report addresses four topic areas: SNAP's effective response to the recession; SNAP's recent temporary growth in spending; SNAP reaching a high share of eligible people; and SNAP's payment accuracy reaching an all-time high.

For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/files/7-23-10fa.pdf


The Impact of Incarceration on Food Insecurity among Households with Children, February 2013

The Fragile Families Working Paper Series released a study that seeks to determine the role that parental incarceration plays on the probability of food insecurity among families with children and very low food security of children using micro-level data from the Fragile Families and Child Well Being Study (FFCWS). This research provides evidence that incarceration adversely affects children and families in terms of food insecurity. Policies to mitigate the impact could be addressed through the court system whereby children are provided with court-sanctioned support to address food needs.

For more information, please see: http://crcw.princeton.edu/workingpapers/WP13-05-FF.pdf


A Quick Guide to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Eligibility and Benefits, January 2013

The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities released a quick guide to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) eligibility and benefits. This guide can be used to assist individuals in determining eligibility and calculating benefit amounts. Common questions are answered and examples are given for clarity. In addition to this, a resource that assists in locating local human service offices is available, along with a pre-screening eligibility tool that can determine if an individual may qualify for SNAP.

For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/files/11-18-08fa.pdf


Food Insecurity Among Households With Working-Age Adults With Disabilities, January 2013

The United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service released a report that examines the effects of disabilities on household food security using newly available data on disabilities among adults from the Current Population Survey. Prior research found that households with adults with work-limiting disabilities were more likely to be food insecure. This report describes food security in two groups of households with working-age (18-64) adults who have disabilities: those with disabilities who are unable to work (not in labor force-disabled) and those with disabilities that are not necessarily work limiting (other reported disabilities). The analysis focused on type of disability and other characteristics of working-age adults with disabilities, such as employment and education, to identify factors that may put households at greater risk for food insecurity. In addition, participation in the USDA Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly food stamps) and disability assistance programs was examined to determine the extent to which adults with disabilities accessed these benefits and the programs' role in preventing household food insecurity.

For more information, please see: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/err-economic-research-report/err144.aspx


Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Online: A Review of State Government SNAP Web Sites, January 2013

The Center for Budget and Policy Priorities recently released an updated report reviewing State government SNAP Web sites. States across the U.S. provide general information to the public on their SNAP programs via the Internet, including information on their application process and State policy manuals. In this report, the CBPP reviews all the States' web pages to determine what information and services they offer. In addition to this, the report provides links to the addresses for each States' SNAP web pages and an overview of the types of information and services that State provides.

For more information, please see: http://wwwyo.cbpp.org/files/8-23-05fa.pdf


The Relationship Between Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Work Among Low-Income Households, January 2013

The Center for Budget and Policy Priorities released a report discussing the relationship between SNAP and work among low-income households. The success of the core goals of SNAP in increasing the food purchasing power of eligible low-income households to improve their nutrition and alleviate hunger continues to be well documented. This report discusses previous documentations and addresses labor force participation among SNAP recipients, as well as how SNAP supports work.

For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/files/1-29-13fa.pdf


Performance Measurement for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Modernization Initiatives, December 2012

Mathematica conducted an exploratory study for the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Food and Nutrition Service, to determine existing measures for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) modernization initiatives. These initiatives included call centers, online systems, document imaging, kiosks, partnering, waiving the face-to-face interview, shortened interviews, and online expedited applications. An integrated report summarizes findings on initiatives across the 45 States participating in the study, including how they monitor and measure performance. It also includes suggestions for performance measures and standards to consider.

To view this integrated report, please see: http://www.fns.usda.gov/Ora/menu/Published/SNAP/FILES/ProgramOperations/SNAPModernization.pdf


Childhood Food Insecurity: The Mitigating Role of SNAP, October 2012

The United States is among the world's wealthiest countries, yet a substantial number of children live in households where at least one child is food insecure. Research has demonstrated adverse effects of food insecurity on children. Considerable federal resources through the Supplemental Nutrition and Assistance Program (SNAP) are targeted toward protecting low-income families from food insecurity. Using secondary data and non-experimental methods, this study conducted by the Urban Institute found that SNAP participation has an ameliorative effect on food insecurity among children. This study also found factors such as parental depressive symptoms, poor parental health, and low social support were associated with an increased risk of food insecurity among children.

For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412681-Childhood-Food-Insecurity.pdf


Chartbook: SNAP Helps Struggling Families Put Food On The Table, July 2012

From the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, this Chartbook provides data on the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). SNAP provides approximately 46 million people across the country with nutrition assistance and is especially relied upon during economic recessions as after unemployment insurance, SNAP has been the most responsive federal program to assist families. Authors provide information on the demographics of the population accessing this program as well as information on program administration, take-up, and use.

For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/cms/?fa=view&id=3744


WIC Participants and Their Growing Need for Coverage, April 2012

From the Urban Institute, this report summarizes features of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). WIC provides low-income pregnant women, postpartum mothers, infants, and children up to age 5 with select foods, nutrition education, health care, and government service referrals. However, many families eligible for WIC do not currently receive it. In 2009, 9.5 million children and 2.9 million women were eligible for WIC, but only 4.8 million children and 2.2 million women received it.

For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412549-WIC-Participants-and-Their-Growing-Need-for-Coverage.pdf


Low Income Families' Utilization of the Federal "Safety Net": Individual and State-Level Predictors of TANF and Food Stamp Receipt, 2012

The National Poverty Center released a working paper discussing low-income families and their interactions with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and the Food Stamp program. This working paper combines State-level policy data with rich data on a national sample of low-income families to investigate family and State-level predictors of TANF and Food Stamp receipt. Two key findings are discussed: 1) families experiencing more economic hardship are more likely to receive benefits, and 2) States' coverage is associated with families' receipt of TANF, but not Food Stamps. The paper closes with a discussion on the implications for policy and research

For more information, please see: http://npc.umich.edu/publications/u/2012-04%20NPC%20Working%20Paper.pdf


Food Hardship in America 2010: Households with and without Children, August 2011

The Food Research and Action Center released this report, which details food hardship across the United States with a focus on families with children. Data reveals that in 195 Congressional Districts and in 40 out of the top 100 largest metropolitan areas at least one in four households with children had times when they did not have enough money to buy food for their families. In 21 States and the DC, more than 25 percent of families revealed they did not have enough money to buy food.

For more information, please see: http://frac.org/pdf/aug2011_food_hardship_report_children.pdf


Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Counters High Unemployment, July 2011

The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly food stamps) currently reaches 45 million people, which is an increase of 69 percent since the current economic recession began. From the Urban Institute, this fact sheet discusses how SNAP caseloads and unemployment have increased both nationally and by state. Authors provide a map of the United States, which shows the concurrent increase in SNAP and unemployment across the country.

For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412365-supplemental-nutrition.pdf


SNAP Take-up Among Immigrant Families with Children, March 2011

Social safety net programs, such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), provide critical resources to help poor and low-income families in the United States meet their basic needs. In 2009, 24 percent of children from immigrant families lived below the poverty line, and 51 percent lived below twice the poverty line. Although child poverty rates are higher for children from immigrant families than from native families, there is a relatively low rate of SNAP take-up among immigrant families who are eligible for SNAP benefits. SNAP Take-up Among Immigrant Families with Children, a report from the National Center for Children in Poverty, examines the demographics of SNAP-eligible immigrant families, explores possible causes for low take-up rates, and makes policy suggestions for State program administrators to increase SNAP use among eligible immigrant families and their children.

For more information, please see: http://www.nccp.org/publications/pdf/text_1002.pdf


Access to Affordable and Nutritious Food: Measuring and Understanding Food Deserts and Their Consequences, June 2009

Access to affordable and nutritious food is considered a contributor to obesity and disease throughout the United States. The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s report to Congress examines access to food throughout the United States, characteristics and causes for access levels, effects of limited access, and suggests recommendations for increased access to food throughout the United States. The report also provides a literature review, assessment of access to supermarkets and grocery stores and an analysis of economic and health effects related to access levels.

For more information, please see: http://www.ers.usda.gov/Publications/AP/AP036/


Back to Top


Health

Preventing and Addressing Tuberculosis among People Experiencing Homelessness, March 2014

The United States Interagency Council on Homelessness recently released a fact sheet on preventing and addressing tuberculosis among people experiencing homelessness. According to the authors, ttuberculosis is a serious health concern for people experiencing homelessness and those working with homeless populations. The authors noted that tuberculosis rates are ten times higher for people experiencing homelessness, and of the patients involved in tuberculosis outbreaks investigated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2010 – 2012, over half did not have a place to call home.

For more information, please see: http://usich.gov/resources/uploads/asset_library/TB_Fact_Sheet_FINAL.pdf


Obamacare and Social Mobility, October 2013

Brookings released a social mobility memo discussing how poor health as a child hinders future success. It states that health inequality may play a large role in holding back mobility in the United States. Examples of evidence-based relationships between income and health are given, as well as suggestions on how to use this information to better promote an improved health and social environment in the United States.

For more information, please see: http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/social-mobility-memos/posts/2013/10/02-healthcare-obamacare-social-mobility-venator-reeves


Affordability Most Frequent Reason for Not Receiving Mental Health Services, September 2013

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration released a Data Spotlight report addressing the reasoning behind why over five million adults every year have an unmet need for mental health care and do not receive mental health services. According to the 2009 to 2011 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), cost/insurance issues were the most frequently mentioned reasons for not receiving mental health services. Unmet mental health needs can have a direct effect on the well-being of the individual, their relationships, and their employment.

For more information, please see: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/spotlight/spot075-services-affordability-2013.pdf


Mutually Beneficial Partnerships: Lessons from Two Research/Practice Partnership Projects, September 2013

On September 17, 2013, the Self-Sufficiency Research Clearinghouse (SSRC) and two Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) University Partnership grantees (both initiatives of the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE), Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services) co-hosted a webinar titled Mutually Beneficial Partnerships: Lessons from Two Research/Practice Partnership Projects. The webinar began with an overview of the SSRC and OPRE's HPOG research and evaluation portfolio. Featured presenters include Dr. Janet Boguslaw, Principal Investigator of Study of Employment, Retention and Advancement Opportunities for Racial, Ethnic and Linguistic Minorities, and Dr. Philip Hong, Principal Investigator of Evaluation of Empowerment Pathways to Self-Sufficiency in Health Professions Career Development for Low-Income Individuals. Both Dr. Boguslaw and Dr. Hong presented an overview of their HPOG University Partnership projects and discussed their collaboration with their HPOG program partners. Materials from the webinar, including the recording, PowerPoint, transcript, and questions and answers discussed, are available on the Self-Sufficiency Research Clearinghouse.

For more information, please see: https://www.opressrc.org/content/mutually-beneficial-partnerships-lessons-two-researchpractice-partnership-projects


Minority Mental Health Awareness Month, July 2013

One in five Americans will experience a mental health problem in their lifetimes, yet nearly two-thirds of people that are diagnosed with a mental illness do not seek treatment.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/07/minority-mental-health-awareness-month


Navigating Federal Programs to Build Sustainable Career Pathways in the Health Professions: A Guide for HPOG Programs, March 2013

The Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) has released a guide for Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) in a report titled Navigating Federal Programs to Build Sustainable Career Pathways in the Health Professions. This report explains the requirements and performance accountability systems of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and the workforce and adult education programs supported under the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Titles I and II. The report also discusses specific strategies that States can use to overcome potential barriers caused by the disparate requirements of these programs.

For more information, please see: http://www.clasp.org/admin/site/publications/files/A-Guide-for-HPOG-Programs-March-2013-Final.pdf


Former Refugee Helps Others Achieve American Dream, January 2013

The Health Profession Opportunity Grant program helps put new Americans on a path to self-sufficiency.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/01/former-refugee-helps-others-achieve-american-dream


Health Program Lifts Young Man Out of Poverty, January 2013

Out of work, no diploma and struggling in poverty just three years ago, Quinton Sanders now has a full-time career in the medical field thanks to the Affordable Care Act's Health Profession Opportunity Grants program.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/01/health-program-lifts-young-man-out-of-poverty


Introduction to the Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Program and First Year Implementation and Outcomes, January 2013

The Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation released a brief as part of the Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Implementation, Systems and Outcomes Project. This brief describes the HPOG Program and progress made by grantees in the first year of funding. It also describes the evaluation efforts sponsored by the Administration for Children and Families to assess the success of the HPOG Program.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/opre_report.pdf


Overview of Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Supportive Services, 2013

This practice brief from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE) comes out of the ongoing evaluation of the five Tribal HPOG grantees, each of which was awarded a demonstration grant for a period of five years. Within the Tribal HPOG programs, supportive services are offered alongside the career pathways model used to train students for careers in the health care field. These services are a key component of the programs, as students often face multiple barriers to completing their training. This brief highlights the supports offered by the five programs and examines the similarities and differences among programs.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/hpog_practice_brief_supportive_services_june_2013_0.pdf


The Effects of State EITC Expansion on Children's Health, May 2012

This report is from the Carsey Institute and discusses the effects that State EITC expansion can have on child health in terms of health insurance coverage, the use of preven¬tive medical and dental care, and the child's health status. Among the findings, the expansion of State EITC's is associated with lower public health insurance and higher rates of private health insurance use for children. The mother of these children also reported a higher health status. The benefits vary by the area of residence as children residing in more metropolitan areas are more likely than their peers in non-metropolitan areas to have higher medical care use after a State EITC is adopted. However, children in non-metropolitan areas have decreased obesity rates than their peers in metropolitan areas following State EITC adoption.

For more information, please see: http://www.carseyinstitute.unh.edu/publications/IB-Baughman-EITC-Child-Health.pdf


Back to Top


Housing/Economic Development

Family Connection: Building Systems to End Family Homelessness, February 2014

The United States Interagency Council on Homelessness released this public document announcing their commitment to end family homelessness by 2020. The document outlines the key areas of action to achieve this goal, including collaborating with federal partners to develop a centralized entry system with the capacity to assess needs, ensure interventions and assistance are tailored to the needs of families, help families connect to the mainstream resources, and develop and build upon practices for serving families experiencing and at-risk of experiencing homelessness.

For more information, please see: http://usich.gov/population/families/family-connection


Housing Assistance and Disconnection from Welfare and Work: Assessing the Impacts of Public Housing and Tenant-based Rental Subsidies, September 2013

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare released an article discussing the growing concern of policymakers of the well-being of families disconnected from welfare to work. This article examines the relationship between economic disconnection and housing assistance. Results from a multilevel logistic model shows that the odds of being disconnected are higher for public housing residents and lower for single mothers receiving tenant-based rental assistance in comparison to those in private housing. Findings indicate that housing policies should be considered alongside welfare policy changes aimed at economically disconnected families, and that public housing is a critical site for interventions.

For more information, please see: http://www.wmich.edu/hhs/newsletters_journals/jssw_institutional/institutional_subscribers/40.3.Hetling.pdf


The Partnerships for Freedom – Modern Solutions to Modern Day Slavery, September 2013

Assistance Secretary Sheldon of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) co-announced a new public-private partnership, Partnership for Freedom, with Humanity United, Department of Justice, DHHS, and Housing and Urban Development. Partnership for Freedom aims to spur innovative solutions to human tracking challenges and launched the first of three competitions - Reimagine: Opportunity – dedicated to improving the infrastructure of support for survivors of modern day slavery. The goal is to inspire experts in the anti-trafficking field to connect with new partners and generate new ideas for sustainable housing, economic empowerment and stronger social services for survivors.

To learn more and download an application, please see: http://www.partnershipforfreedom.org/


Housing and Urban Development (HUD) -- Assisted Households, July 2013

The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities released a paper on the characteristics of rental assistance recipients in 2010. The paper uses 2010 administrative data submitted to HUD by State and local housing agencies and private owners that administer rental assistance under HUD's three general purpose programs: the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV), public housing, and project-based rental assistance (PBRA) programs. The data was used to analyze the extent to which households receiving rental assistance are attached to the labor market or subject to work requirements in other programs, and consider strategies to boost tenants' employment and earnings. The data found that 88% of households that received rental assistance in 2010 were elderly, disabled, working, or likely have access to work programs under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program.

For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/files/7-17-13hous.pdf


Housing Opportunity and Services Together (HOST) Part Two: Implementation and Expansion, May 2013

The Urban Institute's HOST Demonstration is developing and testing the effectiveness of using two-generation "whole family" approaches to address the challenges of deeply poor, vulnerable families living in public and assisted housing. HOST services are intended to improve children's health outcomes and reduce risky behavior, helping to overcome some of the disadvantages of growing up in chronic disadvantage. HOST's core case management component helps parents in low-income neighborhoods confront their key barriers to self-sufficiency: poor physical and mental health, additions, low literacy, educational attainment, and a weak connection to the labor force, while integrating services for children and youth. This report discusses the implementation and expansion process of the HOST program.

For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412824-HOST-Year-2-Implementation-and-Expansion.pdf


Providing Care for Children and Adolescents Facing Homelessness and Housing Insecurity, March 2013

The Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics released an article discussing the interconnectivity of child health and housing security. This article provides evidence that shows that children without homes are more likely to suffer from chronic disease, hunger and malnutrition, as well as psychosocial developmental issues. Recommendations are provided to address how to help improve the health of homeless children through practice strategies.

For more information, please see: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/131/6/1206.full.pdf+html


The Housing Wage -- Out Of Reach, March 2013

The National Low-Income Housing Coalition has released a report capturing the gap between wages and rents across the country, and is the estimate of the full-time hourly wage that a household must earn to afford a decent apartment at the Housing and Urban Development (HUD) estimated Fair Market Rent, while spending no more than 30% of income on housing costs. This report underscores the challenges facing the lowest income renters: increasing rents, stagnating wages, and a shortage of affordable housing, while providing solutions that will benefit the lowest income renters.

For more information, please see: http://nlihc.org/sites/default/files/oor/2013_OOR.pdf


Webinar: Leveraging Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Funds and Strategic Partnerships to Improve Housing Stability and Economic Outcomes for Low-Income Families, March 2013

The Office of Family Assistance hosted a Webinar, "Leveraging TANF Funds and Strategic Partnerships to Improve Housing Stability and Economic Outcomes for Low-Income Families." The Webinar provided an overview of Federal regulations relating to the use of TANF and Maintenance of Effort funds, highlighted promising State and local program models for individuals at-risk, provided examples of allowable uses of TANF funds for homeless stability and employment services, and discussed strategies for choosing and implementing various program models and partnerships.

Webinar Slides [PDF - 1,236 KB]

Webinar Q & A [PDF - 190 KB]

Webinar Resources [PDF - 123 KB]

Webinar Mercer Alliance to End Homelessness Screening Tool [PDF - 416 KB]

Webinar Transcript [PDF - 187 KB]


Working Toward Self-Sufficiency, December 2012

The MDRC recently published a report on early findings from a program for housing voucher recipients in New York City. In 2007, New York City's Center for Economic Opportunity launched Opportunity NYC-Work Rewards, a new test of three alternative but related ways of increasing employment and earnings for families who receive Housing Choice Vouchers to subsidize their rent. This report addresses five key findings from the first two and a half years of follow-up, informing future research on family self-sufficiency. The Work Rewards program will continue to track participants' outcomes through 2013, with future reports including additional information on results.

To view this report, please see: http://www.mdrc.org/sites/default/files/WR_Appx%20FG_Suppl-Tables_2_revised.pdf


Linking Human Services and Housing Assistance for Homeless Families and Families at Risk of Homelessness, April 2012

The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) commissioned this study, which focuses on local programs that link human services with housing supports to prevent and end family homelessness. The study's goals were to identify programs that are working to integrate human services and housing supports and compile information from site visits. Authors also developed an evaluation design that includes information for rigorously evaluating programs that integrate services and housing supports to prevent family homelessness.

For more information, please see: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/12/LinkingServices2HomelessFamilies/index.pdf


ASPE Research Brief: Human Services and Housing Supports to Address Family Homelessness: Promising Practices in the Field, November 2011

This ASPE Research Brief explores local programs for linking human services and housing supports to prevent and end family homelessness. The Research Brief is based on interviews with stakeholders in 14 communities nationwide, highlighting key practices that facilitated the implementation and ongoing sustainability of the programs.

For more information, please see: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/11/familyhomelessness/rb.pdf


Affordable Housing as a Platform for Improving Family Well-Being: Federal Funding and Policy Opportunities, June 2011

From the Center for the Study of Social Policy, this Financing Community Change Brief discusses the role of housing in fostering well-being for children and families, given the collapse of the housing market from the current economic recession. Research shows that living in a distressed neighborhood increases the effects of family poverty on individual educational achievement, economic prospects, and individual health because such areas often lack the supports, services, and opportunities to help provide a safety net for residents. Authors discuss how federal housing policy has helped such families in the past and how it can support families in the future by fostering community development.

For more information, please see: http://www.cssp.org/publications/neighborhood-investment/financing-community-change/Affordable-Housing-as-a-Platform-for-Improving-Family-Well-Being-June-2011.docx.pdf


Back to Top


Kinship Care

Stepping Up for Kids: What Government and Communities Should Do to Support Kinship Families, May 2012

One in 11 children, which is around four percent of all children, live in kinship care during their lives. This policy brief is from the Annie E. Casey Foundation and details information on kinship care. Authors highlight existing research on kinship care, problems that kinship families may face, and recommendations for supporting caregivers, children, and the communities where they reside. Recommendations include providing additional financial stability for these families, strengthening families by supporting kinship placement in the child welfare system, and enhancing community-based services for supporting these families.

For more information, please see: http://www.aecf.org/~/media/Pubs/Initiatives/KIDS%20COUNT/S/SteppingUpforKids2012PolicyReport/SteppingUpForKidsPolicyReport2012.pdf


Living Arrangements of Children: 2009, June 2011

According to the Census Bureau, 7.8 million children lived with at least one grandparent in 2009, a 64 percent increase since 1991. The data was collected in 2009 as part of the household relationship module of the Survey of Income and Program Participation. The Survey of Income and Program Participation is a longitudinal panel survey of demographic information, income, labor force characteristics, and program participation in the United States with supplemental topics on child well-being, child care and household relationships. Census demographers note that the living arrangements of children in the United States is an important indicator of child well-being.

For more information, please see: http://www.census.gov/prod/2011pubs/p70-126.pdf


Back to Top


Mentoring

Resources for this subtopic have not yet been posted.

Back to Top


Transportation

Joblinks: Employment Transportation, October 2012

Joblinks is a program of the Community Transportation Association of America that connects workforce development agencies, transportation providers and other stakeholders with transportation-to-work solutions that are affordable, reliable and accessible. Joblinks focuses on the mobility needs of low-wage job seekers and earners, as well as workers with disabilities, youth, veterans, and older workers. Joblinks activities are supported with funding through the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration and the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration.

For more information, please see: http://solutionstogetthere.org


Where the Jobs Are: Employer Access to Labor by Transit, July 2012

The Brookings Institution conducted an analysis of data from 371 transit providers in the nation's 100 largest metropolitan areas. Analysis results reveal that: Over three-quarters of all jobs in the 100 largest metropolitan areas are in neighborhoods with transit service; The typical job is accessible to only about 27 percent of its metropolitan workforce by transit in 90 minutes or less; and that the suburbanization of jobs obstructs transit's ability to connect workers to opportunity and jobs to local labor pools.

For more information, please see: http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Research/Files/Papers/2012/7/transit%20labor%20tomer/11%20transit%20labor%20tomer%20full%20paper.pdf


Overcoming Transportation Barriers: A Path to Self-Sufficiency, September 2009

The New Jersey Department of Human Services, Division of Family Development (NJDFD) wanted to explore the prevalence, degree and location of transportation barriers among their Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) participants. The Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance in partnership with NJDFD, designed, developed, and administered customized, tested surveys for TANF participants and staff, as well as the use of specialized focus groups with participants. Through the data analysis, New Jersey learned how and why barriers to employment and self-sufficiency were exacerbated by a lack of reliable and affordable transportation. According to the surveys, approximately one in three participants in New Jersey report losing a job opportunity due to transportation challenges.

Final Report [PDF - 4,440 KB]


Back to Top