The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families offers safety net and transitional services to support low income families on a path from welfare to work.
RESEARCH AND EVALUATIONS
This section presents research and resources from the field on work supports that can help transition low-income families from welfare into work.
- General Topic
- Child Care
- Child Support
- Food and Nutrition
- Housing/Economic Development
- Kinship Care
What Works/Lifecourse Interventions to Nurture Kids Successfully (LINKS) is a database featuring over 600 programs with at least one randomized, intent-to-treat evaluation for assessing child or youth outcomes related to education, life skills, and much more. Users can search the database by entering keywords into the system or by clicking on specific options related to program population, outcomes, and vision/mission.
For more information, please see: http://www.childtrends.org/what-works/
The "My Brother's Keeper" (MBK) initiative aims to help young males and boys of color create a promising future for themselves and their communities. The blog features an ACF fellow discussing her experience at an MBK Summit in Boston.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2014/12/boston-leaders-and-youth-meet-to-support-my-brothers-keeper-initiative
The My Brother's Keeper Task Force released a 90-day statement of progress report for the President of the United States. The report includes information collected from a series of listening sessions with various communities hosted both in-person and virtually by the Task Force, along with initial recommendations to better help empower boys and men of color.
For more information, please see: http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/docs/053014_mbk_report.pdf
The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) released a paper that explores four areas of work-family policy related to low-income working families: unpaid family and medical leave, extended paid parental or family leave, paid sick leave, and efforts to expand employees' control over work shifts, hours, and other circumstances of their jobs. The paper outlines the ways in which these supports can be facilitated by public policy to enact change.
For more information, please see: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/14/WorkFamily/rpt_WorkFamily.pdf
President Obama established a My Brother's Keeper Task Force to identify and promote programs that work, and find ways to better support boys and young men of color. The White House released a fact sheet that outlines the newly launched initiative. Communities are partnering with local businesses and foundations to connect boys and young men to: mentoring; support networks; and skills that they need to find a good job, go to college, and work their way up into the middle class.
For more information, please see: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/02/27/fact-sheet-opportunity-all-president-obama-launches-my-brother-s-keeper-
This interactive tool incorporates a variety of criteria for use in calculating how much families need to be self-sufficient. The tool allows users to select States/cities, number of parents, as well as number and ages of children. Following a selection, the Budget Calculator computes the cost of minimum daily necessities.
For more information, please see: http://www.nccp.org/tools/frs/budget.php
The Center for Law & Social Policy (CLASP) features different resources aimed at improving services to low-income youth and adults under the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA). In addition, they highlight promising state and local strategies and models that align WIOA's goals and help create pathways to postsecondary and economic success for low-skilled workers, youth, and adults.
For more information, please see: http://www.clasp.org/issues/postsecondary/wioa-game-plan
Ending individual and family homelessness is of paramount importance to United States Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH) and all of their local, state, and federal partners. To assist in this effort, the USICH hosts a series of resources available to assist local communities begin or enhance their efforts to prevent and homelessness. The toolkit is arranged by seven "toolboxes," divided by technical assistance focus (e.g., Local and Strategic Planning, Building the Permanent Supportive Housing Pipeline, Using Medicaid to Fund Supportive Services) and each contains a series of resources specific to the toolbox subject. The toolbox resources include both USICH developed tools as well as links to resources available from other federal partners such as The Center for Medicaid, CHIP Services, and the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development.
For more information, please see: http://usich.gov/usich_resources/toolkits_for_local_action/
The Wilson Foundation released a report that summarizes findings from the Service and Housing Interventions for Families in Transition (SHIFT) Longitudinal Study. The SHIFT study examined the effectiveness of different housing and service models in helping families who are experiencing homelessness establish and maintain residential stability and self-sufficiency. The characteristics, experiences, and challenges of the families are presented, followed by the outcomes including housing stability, economic independence, maternal mental health, maternal substance abuse, and child functioning. Characteristics of successful family members as well as those who met challenges in establishing and maintaining residential stability are also explored. The findings are intended to inform policies that address housing stability and self-sufficiency among families.
For more information, please see: http://www.familyhomelessness.org/media/389.pdf
The Urban Institute recently published an article discussing the Work Support Strategies Initiative. Work Support Strategies (WSS) is a multiyear, multi-State initiative to implement reforms that help eligible low-income families get and keep a full package of work support benefits, including Medicaid, nutrition assistance (SNAP), and child care assistance. This report summarizes the lessons learned from the nine planning grant States (Colorado, Idaho, Illinois, Kentucky, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina), just one year into a four-year project. The report includes what the States did, how they overcame challenges, and how the planning year changed their strategies and capacities for the future.
For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412789-Early-Lessons-from-the-Work-Support-Strategies-Initiative.pdf
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services prepared this annual report to Congress on indicators and predictors of welfare dependence. The twelfth edition of the Indicators of Welfare Dependence report provides welfare dependence indicators through 2009, reflecting changes that have taken place since the enactment of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in August 1996. This report uses data from the Current Population Survey (CPS) and administrative data for the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) programs to provide updated measures.
For more information, please see: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/13/Indicators/rpt.pdf
The Case Management Society of America (CMSA) launched a tool for case managers, the Case Load Capacity Calculator (CLCC), which presents itself as an opportunity to begin laying the foundation for evidence-based caseloads for a variety of settings. The CLCC is an online tool that is used as an information-exchange platform that allows case managers to track their case loads and see how they compare to their peers in similar settings and conditions.
For more information, please see: http://clcc.cm-innovators.com/
The National Poverty Center released a working paper bibliography that explores the positive effects of partnerships between colleges, workforce institutions, and employers. The paper states that stagnant earnings and growing inequality in the US labor market reflect both a slowdown in the growth of worker skills and the growing matching of good-paying jobs to skilled workers, and argues that improving the ties between these organizations would help more workers gain the needed skills. The paper includes evaluation evidence to show that training programs linked to employers and good-paying jobs are often cost-effective, and that helping more States develop such programs and systems would raise worker earnings and reduce inequality.
For more information, please see: http://npc.umich.edu/publications/u/2012-20%20NPC%20Working%20Paper.pdf
The Institute for the Research on Poverty released an article that explores the declining availability of cash welfare, and the effects of an income support system that increasingly provides benefits that complement, rather than replace, paid work. According to the authors, these realities raise concerns about families disconnected from work and welfare. The article analyzes how patterns of disconnection vary for different program participation populations, across cohorts and over time for a given cohort, and by different definitions of "disconnection."
For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/focus/pdfs/foc282c.pdf
On November 28, 2012, the Office of Family Assistance hosted the second Webinar in a series highlighting promising practices for building sustainable subsidized employment programs. This Webinar provided an overview of the available funding streams for subsidized employment programs; discussed the varied funding sources' requirements and restrictions and how they can be combined and leveraged; and outlined practical strategies used by peer agencies to create/expand subsidized employment programs for TANF participants and low-income workers. Presenters for this Webinar included representatives from MDRC, the Connecticut Department of Labor, the Hartford Foundation for Public Giving in Connecticut, and the Ohio Human Relations Council.
This brief factsheet from the Urban Institute provides data on child poverty in Georgia, Illinois, and Massachusetts, and the effect that safety net programs have had on the poverty rate. The data shows that these government programs cut poverty rates in half in the three states and that means tested programs such as TANF and SNAP make the most difference to children in poverty. The authors note that the amount these programs reduce child poverty depends on the state and their specific policies, but higher reductions are correlated with more generous benefits and higher family participation rates.
For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412374-effects-safety-net-child-poverty.pdf
This paper was written with support from the Annie E. Casey Foundation as part of the Work Support Strategies (WSS) initiative, a multi-State, Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP)-led effort in partnership with the Urban Institute and the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. WSS provides a select group of States the opportunity to design, test, and implement more effective, streamlined, and integrated approaches to delivering key supports to low-income working families, including child care subsidies, health coverage, and nutrition benefits. The Ford Foundation is the project's lead funder. This paper provides an overview of steps that State child care agencies can take to reach the new vision described above, with practical examples of policy changes that States have taken and can take to move in this direction.
For more information, please see: http://www.clasp.org/admin/site/publications/files/WSS-CC-Paper.pdf
The National Women's Law Center's annual report on child care assistance policies found that States are at a pivot point as they make important decisions to build on their subsidy systems. The report finds that families are better off under one or more key child care assistant policies than they were last year in 27 States – however, in 24 States, families are doing worse. Expanded investments in child care are essential to ensure that parents have the affordable, reliable child care they need to work, children have the nurturing environments they need to learn and grow, and the nation has the strong workforce it needs now and in the future for economic prosperity.
For more information, please see: http://www.nwlc.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/final_nwlc_2013statechildcareassistancereport.pdf
The Annie E. Casey Foundation released a working paper on the Federal child welfare financing system and its need to be supported by best practices in order to ensure that all children have the opportunity to grow up in strong families. This paper outlines a policy framework and recommendations to encourage best practices in four areas: permanence and well-being; quality family foster care; a capable, supported child welfare workforce; and better access to services.
The Center for Law and Social Policy released this paper documenting where State policies stand in relation to a set of key child care subsidy, licensing, and quality improvement policies that support the healthy growth and development of infants and toddlers in child care settings. Data in this report was collected through a State survey, as well as from publicly available data sources. Collectively, they offer a baseline of policies important for babies in either home-based or center child care.
For more information, please see: http://www.clasp.org/resources-and-publications/publication-1/BetterforBabies2.pdf
The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities released an article suggesting that EITC's benefits extend well beyond the limited time during which a family typically claims the credit. The article indicates that children of EITC recipients do better in school, are more likely to attend college, and earn more as adults. The Child Tax Credit (CTC) is discussed, which is a related credit that is designed to help offset the cost of child-rearing, and also plays a major role in helping low-income working families.
For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/files/6-26-12tax.pdf
The University of New Hampshire Scholars' Repository released a policy brief discussing the high cost of child care as a barrier to employment among low-income families with young children. This policy brief also compares the shares of income spent on child care in 2005 and 2011 using data collected by the U.S. Census Bureau. The brief reports that child care expenditures were higher on average in 2011 than in 2005 (in constant 2011 dollars), and that employed, poor mothers with child care expenses spent more than one-third of their incomes on child care in 2005 and 2011.
For more information, please see: http://scholars.unh.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1194&context=carsey
On January 12, 2015, Policy Link hosted: "The New Proposed Child Support Rule: What It Means for Low-Income Fathers" webinar. During the webinar, presenters discussed the November 2014 Office of Child Support Enforcement proposed rule entitled "Flexibility, Efficiency, and Modernization in Child Support Enforcement Programs." The new rule proposes revisions to existing law that could significantly alter Child Support Enforcement program operations and enforcement procedures, especially for low-income fathers. Broad in scope, the changes touch on a variety of areas, including the establishment of child support orders, job services for low-income noncustodial parents, and the modification of support orders for incarcerated parents.
For more information, please see: http://www.policylink.org/sites/default/files/1%2012%2015-ChildSupportRule-Slides.pdf
The Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE) released a report that outlines findings from a behavioral intervention that was designed to increase the number of incarcerated noncustodial parents in Texas who apply for child support order modifications. Researchers from the intervention redesigned the mailing materials to better entice the parents, and authors of the report indicated that the redesigned materials resulted in increased application outcomes. According to the authors, these results indicate the promise of incorporating behavioral economic principles to improve programs.
For more information, please see: https://www.opressrc.org/content/taking-first-step-using-behavioral-economics-help-incarcerated-parents-apply-child-support
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Office of Family Assistance (OFA) hosted the 2013 Tribal TANF--Child Welfare Coordination Projects Annual Grantee Meeting on August 14-15, 2013 in Denver, Colorado. The meeting provided Tribal TANF--Child Welfare Coordination Project grantees with the opportunity to share information with their peers regarding their program structure and performance. The meeting also addressed grant requirements for Year Two of the projects, strategies for building coalitions in Native American communities, home visiting programs, program sustainability, and approaches for documenting cross-agency coordination and collaboration.
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Meeting Biographies [PDF - 311 KB]
Association of Village Council Presidents Healthy Families PPT [PDF - 5,222 KB]
CCTHITA - Tribal Families and Youth Services PPT [PDF - 2,194 KB]
Chippewa Cree Tribal TANF Child Welfare Coordination Grant PPT [PDF - 761 KB]
Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians [PDF - 5,631 KB]
Cook Inlet Tribal Council PPT [PDF - 58 KB]
Fact Sheet on Tribal TANF and Economic Development [PDF - 93 KB]
Forest County Potawatomi PPT [PDF - 6,946 KB]
GOODAI PPT [PDF - 4,527 KB]
Hoopa Valley Tribe PPT [PDF - 6,268 KB]
Study of Coordination of Tribal TANF and Child Welfare Services (TT-CW) [PDF - 1,321 KB]
Nooksack TANF PPT [PDF - 1,964 KB]
Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe ASK PPT [PDF - 2,089 KB]
Summaries of Current ACF Research in Tribal Communities [PDF - 88 KB]
Quileute PPT [PDF - 8,023 KB]
Squaxin Island Tribe PPT [PDF - 489 KB]
Foster Parent Navigators PPT [PDF - 1,495 KB]
Administration for Native Americans Training and Technical Assistance PPT [PDF - 85 KB]
Tribal TANF and Child Welfare Coordination Grantee Meeting PPT [PDF - 512 KB]
Internal Controls_Part 6 of 2013 Compliance Supplement [PDF - 249 KB]
Overview of Tribal MIECHV Program [PDF - 494 KB]
Final Report [PDF - 511 KB]
The Region IV Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance (OFA), Region IV U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), and Region IV Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) convened a meeting entitled "Sustainable Employment Strategies: A TANF, Workforce, and Child Support Collaboration" in Atlanta, Georgia from August 14-16, 2013. The meeting provided TANF, Workforce, Child Support administrators and staff with an open forum for discussing critical issues impacting the collaboration of their respective entities towards sustainable employment strategies for their TANF and hard-to-serve population, and an opportunity to network both amongst themselves and with Region IV leadership. Region IV staff from each agency – ACF, DOL, and OCSE – shared lessons learned and gathered strategies that can improve their own programs' ability to identify and address multiple barriers, and develop pathways to create sustainable employment and career building opportunities for program participants. In addition, the meeting gave participants an opportunity to meet with their individual State teams to develop action plans that support interagency collaboration.
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Addressing Barriers to Employment: Criminal History: Re-entry Job Details Description 1 [PDF - 724 KB] Re-entry Job Details Description 2 [PDF - 445 KB] Network Contacts Blank Form [PDF - 141 KB] Strategic Outreach Presentation [PDF - 405 KB] Telephone Log Blank Form [PDF - 72 KB] TOPPSTEP Client Job Search Plan [PDF - 254 KB] TOPPSTEP: The Offender Parolee Probationer State Training Employment Program Presentation [PDF - 405 KB]
Addressing Barriers to Employment: Learning Disabilities and Adult Basic Education: o Addressing Barriers to Employment: Learning Disabilities and Adult Basic Education Presentation [PDF - 1,238 KB]
Pre-Conference Session: Business Service Training: How to Work with Employers Presentation [PDF - 15,347 KB] How to Make Career Connections Presentation [PDF - 1,678 KB] Business Engagement Action Plan Blank Worksheet [PDF - 116 KB]
Engaging Non-custodial Parents (NCP) in the Family's Self-Sufficiency Strategy: Child Support, Workforce and TANF Partnerships: Putting NCPs to Work Presentation [PDF - 559 KB] Texas Workforce Commission – NCP Choices Program Guide [PDF - 1,153 KB] NCP Choices – Comprehensive Field Guide [PDF - 6,709 KB]
Facilitated Panel – A Dialogue about Employer Needs: AETC Prescreen Blank Worksheet [PDF - 396 KB]
Importance of Employment Collaboration: Importance of Employment Collaboration Presentation [PDF - 742 KB] A Brief Review of the DOL Performance Regression Model Presentation [PDF - 3,297 KB]
Sustainable Solutions Session: The Annie E. Casey Foundation – Atlanta Civic Site Brochure [PDF - 2,887 KB] Sustainable Solutions – Atlanta Civic Site Presentation [PDF - 615 KB] South Carolina Center for Fathers and Families Overview Presentation [PDF - 85 KB]
Addressing Family Homelessness: Addressing Family Homelessness Presentation [PDF - 261 KB]
North Carolina TANF/Head Start Collaboration: North Carolina TANF/Head Start Collaboration Worksheet [PDF - 384 KB]
Resources: Additional Links [PDF - 223 KB] Program Summary Fact Sheet [PDF - 84 KB]
Final Report [PDF - 1,546 KB]
In the quarter-century since this observance was established, the child welfare system in the United States has undergone dramatic shifts.
For more information, please see: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/05/national-foster-care-month-celebrates-25-years
Survey found 22.3 percent of children in families investigated for maltreatment were placed out of home at least once in the 18 months following the close of investigation.
For more information, please see: https://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/05/placement-stability-in-child-welfare
The National Responsible Fatherhood Clearinghouse hosted a webinar titled "Working with Child Support: Effective Strategies from Model State and Local Partnerships." This webinar provided ideas and resources to help responsible fatherhood practitioners understand and meet the needs of non-custodial fathers and their families. It featured an overview of federal, State and local policies, partnerships and initiatives; explained how fatherhood practitioners can partner with local child support offices; and generally explored strategies to help non-custodial fathers and their families.
For more information, please see: http://fatherhood.gov/content/working-child-support-effective-strategies-model-state-and-local-partnerships
OCSE maintains a comprehensive map of all State child support enforcement web pages.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cse/extinf.html
Through secondary analysis, this study examines which benefits and financial supports low income families access, with a particular focus on child support. The aim is to explore how families create their own economic safety net package from among the existing benefit programs. It was found that higher levels of child support receipt corresponded with higher levels of work, however that child support did not replace any type of welfare benefit but rather, compliments it.
For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/research/childsup/cspolicy/pdfs/2011-12/Task%2011_CS11-12-Report.pdf
Much of the success of the Federal child support program is contingent upon the ability or willingness of noncustodial parents (NCPs) to provide financial support for their children. As a result, the Office of Child Support Enforcement (OCSE) has an established track record of supporting demonstration and research projects focused on testing innovative program practices that enable NCPs to assume personal responsibility (financial and emotional) for their children. The purpose of this report is three-fold: 1) to disseminate information to the child support program and research community-at-large regarding State or local experiences in working with NCPs; 2) to share information on successes or lessons learned resulting from implementing these program interventions; and 3) to provide potential or future OCSE grantees with a baseline of information regarding projects that have been funded to date.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cse/pol/DCL/2009/dcl-09-26a.pdf
Published by MDRC, this report highlights the early results on how program providers in New York City, Tulsa, and Cleveland implemented the WorkAdvance framework into a workable program. The WorkAdvance program encompasses sectoral as well as job retention and career advancement strategies. This report offers lessons learned to assist organizations seeking to implement a similar sector-focused career advancement program.
For more information, please see: http://www.mdrc.org/sites/default/files/WorkAdvance_CEO_SIF_2014_FR.pdf
The Institute for Research on Poverty released a policy brief that explores additional ways to encourage self-sufficiency and well-being among vulnerable families beyond employment. Authors of the brief highlight training and education systems, information and incentives for community colleges, and on-the-job training at the secondary school level as potential cost-effective ways to build skills and earnings among this demographic.
For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/policybriefs/pdfs/PB2-SelfSufficiency.pdf
Pathways Des Moines Area Community College Program Profile) The Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation released a brief that highlights the Workforce Training Academy Connect (WTA Connect) Program at Des Moines Area Community College in Des Moines, Iowa. This career pathways program aims to improve employment and self-sufficiency outcomes for low-income, low-skilled individuals by equipping them with the skills and education they need to obtain employment and advance into the middle class.
For more information, please see: https://www.opressrc.org/content/isis-career-pathways-program-profile-des-moines-area-community-college-workforce-training
The Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation released a brief that highlights the Basic Education and Skills Training (I-BEST) Program in Washington State. This career pathways program aims to improve employment and self-sufficiency outcomes for low-income, low-skilled individuals by equipping them with the skills and education they need to obtain employment and advance into the middle class.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/isis_ibest_profile_final_6_6_2014_005.pdf
The Pew Research Center released a report that explores the costs of not going to college. Authors of the report conducted public opinion polling, demographic research, and utilize empirical data to demonstrate that college graduates fare better than those with less education. The authors cite the declining value of a high school diploma and current employment trends as some of the reasons why students should continue education beyond high school.
For more information, please see: http://www.pewsocialtrends.org/files/2014/02/SDT-higher-ed-FINAL-02-11-2014.pdf
The U.S. Census Bureau recently released this report that states that, as of Fall 2012, more than 50 million U.S. adults (about 25 percent of the adult population) had received a professional certification, license, or educational certificate that was not a degree awarded by a college or university. Of the awardees, some 34 million had a professional certification of license, 7 million had an educational certificate, and 12 million had received both a professional certification or license and an educational certificate.
For more information, please see: http://www.census.gov/prod/2014pubs/p70-138.pdf
The Office of Family Assistance published an article that highlights the benefits of an educated workforce for individual workers and communities. Social Service offices in the State of Arkansas used TANF funds to partner with the local education systems to educate the unemployed through enrollment in post-secondary education.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ofa/success-story/going-back-to-school
The Department of Labor announced the Youth Career Connect initiative that will provide up to $100 million in grant funds to 25 to 40 grantees using funding from H-1B fees. Eligible entities include local education agencies, public or non-profit local workforce entities, or non-profits with education reform experience. This grant is to be used to help high school students understand the importance of education and technical training for specific high-growth industries and occupations as a means for long-term success in the world of work. The application deadline is January 27, 2014.
For more information, please see: http://www.grants.gov/view-opportunity.html?oppId=247913
CLASP released a fact sheet that highlights the importance of high quality early care and education for young children's early learning, success in life, and future economic security. The fact sheet includes information about the percentage of children in each State that are experiencing risks related to poor educational outcomes.
For more information, please see: http://www.nccp.org/publications/pdf/text_1085.pdf
The Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) was authorized by Congress to reduce teen pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, and associated risk behaviors. Grantees across the country had flexibility in how they would implement their programs. This report is the first report from the PREP evaluation sponsored by the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation and conducted by Mathematica Policy Research. Authors interviewed State grantee officials to document the program decisions made across 44 States and Washington DC in designing the program. Among the key findings, researchers found that many of the programs are evidence-based and targeting high-risk youth. Additionally, States have developed their programs in different ways to educate on abstinence and contraception. The evaluation will include an additional round of interviews in 2014, performance management data analysis, and an analysis of program impacts using random assignment across four to five sites.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/prep_eval_design_survey_report_102213.pdf
The U.S. Department of Education and the National Center for Education Statistics released a report examining the basic skills of American adults by demographic and other socioeconomic factors including race, educational attainment, foreign status, and age. This critical information will allow for the design of smarter, more effective policy solutions that improve the skills of American adults and youth.
For more information, please see: http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2014/2014008.pdf
The Working Poor Families Project released a policy brief that explores ways to connect young adults between the ages of 18 and 24 years old to education and training programs borne out of state level policies and interventions.
For more information, please see: http://www.workingpoorfamilies.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/WPFP-Summer-2013-Brief-FINAL.pdf
The development of an individualized follow-up service plan is an important aspect to help youth successfully transition to employment or further education. This Workforce3 One Webinar focused on the requirements, challenges and effective practices for follow-up services in youth workforce programs. The webinar emphasized creating a well-prepared follow-up strategy to provide an opportunity for staff to continue his/her partnerships with the participant and with key organizations to help youth meet their objectives.
Together with eight early childhood and public health organizations, the Center on Law and Social Policy (CLASP) released Raising Smart, Healthy Kids in Every State, a report that details the early childhood and health benefits of President Obama's plan to expand early education. These educational and health benefits found in the President's plan are detailed both nationwide and in each State. Benefits include providing nearly 335,000 additional children from low- and moderate-income families access to high-quality preschool programs in the first year alone, and up to two million by year 10. The report also outlines the benefits of the proposal with the provision of State-by-State fact sheets.
For more information, please see: http://www.tobaccofreekids.org/microsites/healthykids/downloadables/SmartHealthyKids_report.pdf
Learn how homelessness is affecting our youngest children and what Head Start/Early Head Start can do to help.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/07/what-does-one-million-look-like-it-is-a-lot
MDRC released a brief on the GED Bridge to Health and Business Program. This program was developed to better understand how adult education programs might strengthen pathways to college and careers. The GED Bridge program represents a new approach to GED instruction, as it aims to better prepare students not only to pass the GED exam, but also to continue on to college and training programs. This brief details some of the key findings from this study as well as their implications for future research and for the development of stronger GED and adult education programming.
For more information, please see: http://www.mdrc.org/sites/default/files/Enhancing_GED_Instruction_brief.pdf?utm_source=MDRC+Updates&utm_campaign=0e27447f74-May_16_20135_14_2013&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_504d5ac165-0e27447f74-34935
The National Institute for Research on Poverty released a discussion paper that briefly reviews recent trends in employment outcomes for disadvantaged youth, focusing specifically on those who have become "disconnected" from school and the labor market. The paper explores why these trends have occurred, and then reviews a range of policy prescriptions that might improve those outcomes. These reviewed policies include: 1) Efforts to enhance education and employment outcomes, both among in-school youth who are at risk of dropping out and becoming disconnected, as well as out-of-school youth who have already done so; 2) Policies to increase earnings and incent more labor force participation among youth, such as expanding the eligibility of childless adults (and especially non-custodial parents) for the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC); and 3) Specific policies to reduce barriers to employment faced by ex-offenders and non-custodial parents (NCPs). The paper also considers policies that target the demand side of the labor market, in an effort to spur the willingness of employers to hire these young people and perhaps to improve the quality of jobs available to them.
For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp141213.pdf
This brief from the Youth Transition Funders Group highlights challenges in current policy related to youth education and employment and offers recommendations for change. The brief is targeted at policymakers and philanthropic organizations interested in funding youth employment and education initiatives. It emphasizes philanthropic collaboration as a means to shape the scope of future initiatives.
For more information, please see: http://www.ytfg.org/documents/eduployment.pdf
ConnectEd released a video about the Exploring College and Career Options (ECCO) curriculum, developed by MDRC and Bloom Associates, which includes lessons and activities that help students prepare for college and careers that expose them to real-world experiences on college campuses and in the workplace.
The New American Foundation released a report called, "State U Online." It offers policy recommendations for States that are interested in creating online higher education systems. It suggests creating sustainable cost structures so institutions do not have to rely on State legislature allocations. Additionally, the report advises States to provide incentives to faculty to develop online courses, mitigate retention problems by supporting students, experiment with innovative course and credit delivery, and ensure credits transfer with students when they move from one school to another. The report also provides a history of distance learning, State examples, and case studies.
For more information, please see: http://education.newamerica.net/sites/newamerica.net/files/policydocs/FINAL_FOR_RELEASE_STATE_U_ONLINE.pdf
ProLiteracy and its publishing division New Readers Press released their latest white paper, "The 2014 GED® (General Equivalency Diploma) Test and Its Impact on Adult Literacy Providers." The white paper addresses the core challenges adult literacy and basic education programs face in trying to prepare students for the new test, which launches in January 2014. The report notes that, as a result of more rigorous assessment targets and the computerization of the GED test, programs and providers must search for creative ways to build infrastructure and adapt curricula or risk being unable to prepare students for taking the new test.
For more information, please see: http://www.proliteracy.org/Downloads/ProLiteracy_ged-white-paper.pdf
MDRC released a policy memo as part of their "Looking Forward" series, providing policymakers with suggested ways to make progress on critical issues. This policy memo describes some promising college readiness programs that can provide students with the skills they need to successfully complete college.
For more information, please see: http://www.mdrc.org/sites/default/files/College_readiness_030613%20%282%29.pdf
Aspen Institute's Workforce Strategies Initiative report highlights the numerous challenges adult learners face as they attempt to enter community college, persist to completing a certificate or degree, and successfully transition to employment. The report also provides various examples on how nonprofit organizations and community colleges have worked together to help adult learners overcome these challenges.
For more information, please see: http://www.aspenwsi.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/update_cte_march2013.pdf
The Accredited Online Colleges Web site posted an article providing Veterans with information on the utilization of funds awarded to them by the GI Bill towards a university education. This article addresses what kinds of education the post 9/11 GI Bill will pay for, any issues or barriers that may stem from this bill, as well as reasons for attending an accredited college. Lastly, this article provides a link to each State's Veterans Affairs Department.
For more information, please see: http://www.accreditedonlinecolleges.org/resources/veteran-continuing-ed/
CLASP released an article discussing the new changes that will occur in 2014 to the General Equivalency Degree (GED) test. This change will impact roughly 25.7 million people between the ages 18 and 64 who are without a high school diploma. A major change includes a redesign of the subject-matter tests to incorporate more college readiness standards, as well as moving the test to a computerized-only format. The new GED test will also consider five primary issues that have implications on the youth and young adults participating in the test. These include: test preparation and instruction costs; transitioning to a computerized version; availability of testing centers; and testing content and impact on current GED programs. While there is still controversy about the value of a GED versus a high school diploma, in high poverty communities, the GED may be the only viable option available for individuals like disconnected youth to access employment.
For more information, please see: http://org2.democracyinaction.org/o/5728/p/salsa/web/common/public/content?content_item_KEY=10687
This brief describes several program evaluations that demonstrate 1) parents can be taught how to effectively read with their children, and 2) children benefit academically from reading with their parents. Also provided are important program adaptations to consider when implementing father-focused literacy programs.
For more information, please see: http://womeninfatherhood.org/main/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Practice-Brief-Dads-and-Reading_1_12.pdf
McKinsey & Company's Center for Government (MCG) released a report titled, "Education to Employment: Designing a System that Works." This report examines dual global crises, the high levels of youth unemployment, and a shortage of job seekers with critical skills. The report discusses how a country can resolve this issue and bring young people from education to employment, examining more than 100 education-to-employment initiatives from 25 countries. In addition to this, a survey of youth, education providers, and employers in nine countries that are diverse in geography and socioeconomic contexts is assessed. Lastly, the report focuses on skill development, giving special attention to the mechanisms that connect education to employment
For more information, please see: http://mckinseyonsociety.com/downloads/reports/Education/Education-to-Employment_FINAL.pdf
Brookings released a paper touching upon the opportunity gap faced by Americans, and the difficulty for those individuals in the bottom ranks to move up. Children born into the top fifth of the income distribution have twice as much of a chance of becoming middle class or better in their adult years as those born into the bottom fifth. Suggestions are given on how to beat those odds, including the importance of a college degree and its implications on future career choices, mobility, and economic self-sufficiency.
For more information, please see: http://www.brookings.edu/research/papers/2013/10/higher-education-opportunity-gap-sawhill
The National Coalition for Literacy is charged with increasing awareness for adult education, family literacy, and English language acquisition across the country. The organization's Web Site includes a wide range of resources related to adult literacy, including fact sheets, policy areas, blog postings.
For more information, please see: http://www.national-coalition-literacy.org/
ProLiteracy champions the power of literacy to improve the lives of adults and their families, communities, and societies. This organization works with local, national, and international organizations to build the capacity and quality of programs that are teaching adults to read, write, compute, use technology, and learn English as a new language. This Web site provides information on literacy programs around the country and how literacy can be utilized to alleviate poverty.
For more information, please see: http://proliteracy.org/
STAR is a training and technical assistance initiative of the Department of Education, Office of Vocational and Adult Education, Division of Adult Education and Literacy. It contains helpful research and information on adult literacy. One of their issue papers titled "The Role of Diagnostic Assessment in Implementing Evidence-Based Reading Instruction" may be particularly helpful to look at when implementing literacy assessments with their TANF population.
For more information, please see: http://www.startoolkit.org/
The U.S. Department of Labor's Competency Model Clearinghouse (CMC) is an online resource that provides validated industry competency models that can be used as the basis of educational programs and curricula for a variety of industry sectors. The CMC also offers two tools designed to help businesses, educators, and workforce professionals achieve their talent development goals: the Build a Competency Model Tool and the Build a Career Ladder/Lattice Tool.
For more information, please see: http://www.careeronestop.org/competencymodel/
From the Center for Law and Social Policy, this resource provides an overview of the need for adult education, as nearly 30 million adults in the U.S. have below a high school education. The Adult Education and Family Literacy Act (Title II of the Workforce Investment Act) provides services to support two million adults in gaining basic skills and a high school equivalent degree. Such programs help adult workers gain the basic skills they need to attain and maintain employment, and thus, less reliance on economic support programs.
For more information, please see: http://www.clasp.org/admin/site/publications/files/AdultEducationJobsandtheEconomyFINAL.pdf
This brief from the Urban Institute and OPRE discusses existing rigorous research that has been completed regarding encouraging postsecondary education and training for TANF participants. Literature regarding educational and economic outcomes for TANF recipients as a result of programs connecting them with education and training is reviewed, and areas for future research are suggested.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/other_resrch/tanf_ccdf/reports/postsecondary.pdf
Many adults lack a high school degree, as 1.3 million high school students drop out every year. Accelerating Opportunity is an initiative designed to promote postsecondary education to help families build economic security. The initiative is focused on fostering a pathway for more low-income skilled adults to access education. The Web site provides a variety of information on curriculum and instruction, data, funding streams, labor market engagement, and model development.
For more information, please see: http://www.acceleratingopportunity.org/
This toolkit provides self-assessment tools for programs seeking to enhance their bridge programs and other transitional services to adult learners. It provides three documents -- the first is the Team Survey, which measures program service usage as perceived by program staff. Next, a Service Usage Evaluation is included, which is designed to give an accurate picture of how services are actually being used. Finally, toolkit users complete a Service Improvement Plan to help prioritize any needed improvements to existing services.
These standards were developed by the Workforce Solutions Collaborative for the City of Philadelphia, which has a high rate of unskilled workers compared to available unskilled jobs. The standards are separated into seven content areas and reflect best practices for high-quality basic skills programs aimed at increasing employment outcomes for individuals. In addition to the standards, a self-assessment tool is included which can be used to determine an agency's capacity to provide services and as a road map to create development plans for future use.
For more information, please see: http://www.philaworks.org/sites/philaworks.org/files/news-pdf/Workforce%20Standards%20FINAL.pdf
This is a series of reports from Chapin Hall, which provide evaluation information on the Prime Time Initiative. The Initiative is an effort to strengthen the quality of after-school programs in Palm Beach County, Florida through networks of providers. The goal of the Initiative is to create an integrated and sustainable system of standards, supports, and resources for all after-school programs.
For more information, please see: http://www.chapinhall.org/research/report/palm-beach-countys-prime-time-initiative
Food and Nutrition
The United States Department of Agriculture released an annual report that assesses household food security in America. According to this report, 85.7% of American households were food secure in 2013.
For more information, please see: http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1565415/err173.pdf
In response to Section 743 of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, RTI International released a report that explores hunger and food security in America. The report outlines determinants, consequences, and responses to food insecurity, with the hope of spurring policy and program development to address this issue.
For more information, please see: http://www.rti.org/pubs/full_hunger_report_final_07-24-14.pdf
Child Trends released a report that states more than one in five children in the United States lived in households that were food insecure in 2012. The report outlined the effects of food insecurity on children, as well as provided information about the prevalence of this issue among different demographics in the United States.
For more information, please see: http://www.childtrends.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/117_Food_Insecurity.pdf
PolicyLink developed an online access portal for users to browse resources designed to improve healthy food access in communities, build local economies, and enhance public health.
For more information, please see: http://healthyfoodaccess.org/
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Office of Family Assistance (OFA) released a letter that discusses the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Summer Food Service Program, a program that ensures that children have access to meals when school is not in session.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ofa/resource/letter-on-supporting-the-summer-food-service-program
In April 2014, the Institute for Research on Poverty released a discussion paper that explores the receipt of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) among low-income households. The research is based on data from the first two waves of the Michigan Recession and Recovery Survey (MRRS), a panel survey of working-age adults in the Detroit Metropolitan Area. The study examined how low-income families in the Detroit Metropolitan Area combined SNAP with other forms of public assistance during the Great Recession and analyzed the relationship between the receipt of SNAP assistance and food shopping behaviors.
For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp142014.pdf
The Economic Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, released a food access research atlas that presents a spatial overview of food access indicators for low-income and other Census tracts using different measures of supermarket accessibility. The mapping tool also provides food access data for populations within Census tracts and offers Census-tract-level data on food access for download for community planning or research purposes. Users are also able to create maps showing food access indicators by Census tract using different measures and indicators of supermarket accessibility, view indicators of food access for selected subpopulations, and download Census-tract-level data on food access measures.
For more information, please see: http://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/food-access-research-atlas/go-to-the-atlas.aspx
On March 25, 2014, the Self-Sufficiency Research Clearinghouse (SSRC) hosted "The Use and Impact of Federal Nutrition Programs at Farmers Markets" Webinar featuring Rogelio Carrasco, Program Analyst at the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), Dr. Sujata Dixit-Joshi from Westat, Kelly Verel from Project for Public Spaces, and Kate Cole from the University of Washington. This Webinar explored the role and impact of federal nutrition program use at local farmers markets, discussed recent efforts to increase low-income family participation in local farmers markets, and outlined the benefits and challenges presented to farmers market vendors in accepting public assistance benefits.
For more information, please see: https://www.opressrc.org/content/use-and-impact-federal-nutrition-programs-farmers-markets-0
The Center for Law and Social Policy released a policy brief detailing certain additions to the recently passed 2014 Farm Bill that reauthorized the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Under the updated legislation, low-income college students are eligible for SNAP benefits. Even after accounting for all financial aid, many low-income college students have thousands of dollars of unmet need, even when they attend low-cost institutions such as community colleges. This need often leads students to drop out of college, or to work so many hours that it interferes with their attendance and success in classes. SNAP benefits will now help low-income college students meet their basic needs so they can afford and focus on their education.
The National Poverty Center released a policy brief examining the impacts of the Great Recession on food insecurity in the Detroit Metropolitan Area. The authors use data from the Michigan Recession Recovery Study to evaluate changes in food security, identify key risk factors, and measure the use of public/private programs intended to bolster food security among low-income populations. The study revealed that food insecurity levels in the aftermath of the recent economic downturn remain significantly high among low-income households. While those with the least economic means continued to face food security challenges, the authors also found that a large share of households with incomes above 200% of the poverty line also experienced food insecurity. The study also explores other risk factors for food insecurity such as low education levels, disabilities and health limitations, and financial hardships. The authors conclude the policy brief by noting food insecurity levels dropped by 8% among low-income households during the years 2010 to 2012 - something the brief partially attributes to the increased use of public assistance programs such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
For more information, please see: http://www.npc.umich.edu/publications/policy_briefs/brief39/policybrief39.pdf
The Institute for Research on Poverty released a discussion paper that explored whether exposure to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) increased during the Great Recession. The study also examined how participation in the program was divided across various racial/ethnic and socioeconomic groups. Findings from the study demonstrated that age was a prominent indicator of participation in WIC, and that socioeconomic differences decreased due to an increase of WIC participation by children from wealthier families.
For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp142314.pdf
Authored by faculty at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, this series of reports focuses on poverty and food security. The report provides detailed analysis of statewide trends in poverty and food security by county in comparison with the State. In addition, it includes a discussion of possible implications for policies and programs.
For more information, please see: http://www.apl.wisc.edu/poverty_food_security.php
This report from Mathematica and the Social Security Administration provides the findings of a longitudinal study of when and if Supplemental Security Income (SSI) disability recipients return to work and utilize the SSI work incentives such as Ticket to Work. Though the data varied widely across States, it was found that younger SSI recipients are more likely to return to work and forfeit benefits than older recipients. A brief history of the Ticket to Work program is provided.
For more information, please see: http://www.ssa.gov/disabilityresearch/documents/SSI%20Cohort%20Report%20Final.pdf
The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service released a report providing nationally representative annual estimates for 2004-2009 of households' multi-program or 'joint' participation patterns in both the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP) and the Unemployment Insurance (UI) program. These estimates include breakouts of household types categorized by household income relative to poverty, race/ethnicity and education level. The study found that an estimated 14.4 percent of SNAP households also received UI at some time in 2009 (a recessionary year), an increase of 6.6 percentage points from 2005 (a full-employment year).
For more information, please see: http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/1216374/err157.pdf
The Institute for Research on Poverty released a discussion paper that systematically reviews the work on the antipoverty effect of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) using administrative and survey data. It found that antipoverty effects are even larger than those found in Census Bureau estimates if adjusted for underreporting. The article concludes that SNAP is the nation's most effective antipoverty program for the non-elderly when adjusted for underreporting, and can reduce extreme poverty by over 50 percent, being most effective for poor families with children.
For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp141513.pdf
The United States Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service released a report that estimates the extent to which inflation in food prices has eroded improvement in the food security of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipients that followed the increase in benefit size in April 2009 mandated by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA).
For more information, please see: http://www.ers.usda.gov/publications/err-economic-research-report/err151.aspx
A report by the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) shows that participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is associated with improved food security. The study, conducted by Mathematica Policy Research, is the largest and most rigorous study to date that assesses the effect of SNAP participation on food security. SNAP (formerly known as food stamps) provides food assistance to more than 47 million low-income Americans every month in an effort to improve food security by facilitating beneficiaries' access to enough food for a healthy, active lifestyle.
For more information, please see: http://www.mathematica-mpr.com/publications/pdfs/Nutrition/SNAP_Food_Security.pdf
The Administration for Children and Families' programs are joining the fight for healthy and food secure American Indian and Alaska Native children and families.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/08/tackling-native-american-child-nutrition
The U.S. Department of Agriculture released a white paper on The Emergency Food Assistance Program, a program that helps supplement the diets of low-income Americans by providing them with emergency food and nutrition assistance at no cost. Further information on the program is provided, including the following: a program overview, TEFAP's response to the needs of U.S. low-income households and individuals, TEFAP's monetary contribution, characteristics of TEFAP participants, and the nutritional quality of TEFAP's foods.
For more information, please see: http://www.mathematica-mpr.com/publications/pdfs/nutrition/tefap_whitepaper.pdf
The Center for Law and Social Policy released a Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP) Policy Brief discussing SNAP work requirements and time limits. Background information is provided on SNAP, along with recommendations to improve program operations.
For more information, please see: http://www.clasp.org/admin/site/publications/files/SNAP-Work-Requirements-and-Time-Limits-ABAWD.pdf
The U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Children Eating Well for Health (CHEW) project released a toolkit to target childhood obesity and promote nutritious curriculum. The toolkit includes numerous evidence-based resources for practitioners across a variety of fields to use and share with their organizations and participants.
The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP) released a SNAP chartbook. This chartbook highlights some of the key characteristics of the almost 47 million people using the program, as well as the data on program administration and use. It is divided into eight topic specific parts, and is intended to complement a more detailed analysis that the CBPP has released on particular aspects of SNAP.
For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/cms/index.cfm?fa=view&id=3744
The Center for Budget and Policy Priorities released a Policy Basics report thoroughly discussing the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Topics covered include: Who is eligible for SNAP; How do people apply for SNAP?; How much do households receive in benefits?; How much does SNAP cost?; Special features of SNAP; and How effective and efficient is SNAP?
For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/files/policybasics-foodstamps.pdf
The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities released a report discussing the importance of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). They stated that SNAP is the cornerstone of the nation's safety net and nutrition assistance programs, and has achieved impressive results in meeting the needs of low-income Americans. SNAP currently provides over 47 million participants in over 23 million low-income households with debit cards that can be used to purchase food each month. This report addresses four topic areas: SNAP's effective response to the recession; SNAP's recent temporary growth in spending; SNAP reaching a high share of eligible people; and SNAP's payment accuracy reaching an all-time high.
For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/files/7-23-10fa.pdf
The Institute for Research on Poverty released a discussion paper exploring the reasoning behind why some low-income Americans do not capitalize on nongovernmental free food assistance programs in their communities. The study focused on data collected from 63 in-depth interviews with low-income residents from San Francisco who did not use this available assistance. Overall, the report indicated that respondents did not feel that the free food assistance outweighed the psychological costs involved with accepting assistance. Such psychological costs include moral objections with accepting food from others and the emotional toll of accepting assistance.
For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp140813.pdf
The Fragile Families Working Paper Series released a study that seeks to determine the role that parental incarceration plays on the probability of food insecurity among families with children and very low food security of children using micro-level data from the Fragile Families and Child Well Being Study (FFCWS). This research provides evidence that incarceration adversely affects children and families in terms of food insecurity. Policies to mitigate the impact could be addressed through the court system whereby children are provided with court-sanctioned support to address food needs.
For more information, please see: http://crcw.princeton.edu/workingpapers/WP13-05-FF.pdf
The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities released a quick guide to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) eligibility and benefits. This guide can be used to assist individuals in determining eligibility and calculating benefit amounts. Common questions are answered and examples are given for clarity. In addition to this, a resource that assists in locating local human service offices is available, along with a pre-screening eligibility tool that can determine if an individual may qualify for SNAP.
For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/files/11-18-08fa.pdf
The U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service released a report that examines the effects of disabilities on household food security. The research focuses on adults who are unable to work due to their disabilities and adults with disabilities that do not necessarily prevent employment. Results indicated that food insecurity was more prevalent among households with working-age adults with disabilities.
For more information, please see: http://www.ers.usda.gov/ersDownloadHandler.ashx?file=/media/980690/err_144.pdf
The Center for Budget and Policy Priorities recently released an updated report reviewing State government SNAP Web sites. States across the U.S. provide general information to the public on their SNAP programs via the Internet, including information on their application process and State policy manuals. In this report, the CBPP reviews all the States' web pages to determine what information and services they offer. In addition to this, the report provides links to the addresses for each States' SNAP web pages and an overview of the types of information and services that State provides.
For more information, please see: http://wwwyo.cbpp.org/files/8-23-05fa.pdf
The University of Kentucky's Center for Poverty Research released a discussion paper that explores whether the safety net reduces food insecurity for families and children who receive any of the five major safety net programs: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Supplemental Security Income (SSI), Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), and Medicaid. The results indicated that the various safety net programs do improve food security.
For more information, please see: http://www.ukcpr.org/Publications/DP2012-12-3.pdf
This paper used county-level administrative data on redemption of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits from May 2007- May 2010 to analyze the SNAP participant responses to economic and policy changes that increased benefit amounts in April 2009. This study intended to understand how economic incentives would make it easier for low-income families to access healthy food retailers.
For more information, please see: https://www.opressrc.org/content/alternative-developing-stores-food-deserts-can-changes-snap-benefits-make-difference
The National Poverty Center released a working paper discussing low-income families and their interactions with the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program and the Food Stamp program. This working paper combines State-level policy data with rich data on a national sample of low-income families to investigate family and State-level predictors of TANF and Food Stamp receipt. Two key findings are discussed: 1) families experiencing more economic hardship are more likely to receive benefits, and 2) States' coverage is associated with families' receipt of TANF, but not Food Stamps. The paper closes with a discussion on the implications for policy and research
For more information, please see: http://npc.umich.edu/publications/u/2012-04%20NPC%20Working%20Paper.pdf
Social safety net programs, such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), provide critical resources to help poor and low-income families in the United States meet their basic needs. In 2009, 24 percent of children from immigrant families lived below the poverty line, and 51 percent lived below twice the poverty line. Although child poverty rates are higher for children from immigrant families than from native families, there is a relatively low rate of SNAP take-up among immigrant families who are eligible for SNAP benefits. SNAP Take-up Among Immigrant Families with Children, a report from the National Center for Children in Poverty, examines the demographics of SNAP-eligible immigrant families, explores possible causes for low take-up rates, and makes policy suggestions for State program administrators to increase SNAP use among eligible immigrant families and their children.
For more information, please see: http://www.nccp.org/publications/pdf/text_1002.pdf
The Economic Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture released a report to Congress stating that access to affordable and nutritious food is considered a contributor to obesity and disease throughout the United States. The report examines access to food throughout the United States, characteristics and causes for access levels, effects of limited access, and suggests recommendations for increased access to food throughout the United States. The report also provides a literature review, assessment of access to supermarkets and grocery stores and an analysis of economic and health effects related to access levels.
For more information, please see: http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/242675/ap036_1_.pdf
The United States Interagency Council on Homelessness recently released a fact sheet on preventing and addressing tuberculosis among people experiencing homelessness. According to the authors, ttuberculosis is a serious health concern for people experiencing homelessness and those working with homeless populations. The authors noted that tuberculosis rates are ten times higher for people experiencing homelessness, and of the patients involved in tuberculosis outbreaks investigated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2010 – 2012, over half did not have a place to call home.
For more information, please see: http://usich.gov/resources/uploads/asset_library/TB_Fact_Sheet_FINAL.pdf
Brookings released a social mobility memo discussing how poor health as a child hinders future success. It states that health inequality may play a large role in holding back mobility in the United States. Examples of evidence-based relationships between income and health are given, as well as suggestions on how to use this information to better promote an improved health and social environment in the United States.
For more information, please see: http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/social-mobility-memos/posts/2013/10/02-healthcare-obamacare-social-mobility-venator-reeves
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration released a Data Spotlight report addressing the reasoning behind why over five million adults every year have an unmet need for mental health care and do not receive mental health services. According to the 2009 to 2011 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), cost/insurance issues were the most frequently mentioned reasons for not receiving mental health services. Unmet mental health needs can have a direct effect on the well-being of the individual, their relationships, and their employment.
For more information, please see: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/spotlight/spot075-services-affordability-2013.pdf
On September 17, 2013, the Self-Sufficiency Research Clearinghouse (SSRC) and two Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) University Partnership grantees (both initiatives of the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE), Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services) co-hosted a webinar titled Mutually Beneficial Partnerships: Lessons from Two Research/Practice Partnership Projects. The webinar began with an overview of the SSRC and OPRE's HPOG research and evaluation portfolio. Featured presenters include Dr. Janet Boguslaw, Principal Investigator of Study of Employment, Retention and Advancement Opportunities for Racial, Ethnic and Linguistic Minorities, and Dr. Philip Hong, Principal Investigator of Evaluation of Empowerment Pathways to Self-Sufficiency in Health Professions Career Development for Low-Income Individuals. Both Dr. Boguslaw and Dr. Hong presented an overview of their HPOG University Partnership projects and discussed their collaboration with their HPOG program partners. Materials from the webinar, including the recording, PowerPoint, transcript, and questions and answers discussed, are available on the Self-Sufficiency Research Clearinghouse.
For more information, please see: https://www.opressrc.org/content/mutually-beneficial-partnerships-lessons-two-researchpractice-partnership-projects
One in five Americans will experience a mental health problem in their lifetimes, yet nearly two-thirds of people that are diagnosed with a mental illness do not seek treatment.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/blog/2013/07/minority-mental-health-awareness-month
The Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) has released a guide for Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) in a report titled Navigating Federal Programs to Build Sustainable Career Pathways in the Health Professions. This report explains the requirements and performance accountability systems of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families and the workforce and adult education programs supported under the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Titles I and II. The report also discusses specific strategies that States can use to overcome potential barriers caused by the disparate requirements of these programs.
For more information, please see: http://www.clasp.org/admin/site/publications/files/A-Guide-for-HPOG-Programs-March-2013-Final.pdf
The Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation released a brief as part of the Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Implementation, Systems and Outcomes Project. This brief describes the HPOG Program and progress made by grantees in the first year of funding. It also describes the evaluation efforts sponsored by the Administration for Children and Families to assess the success of the HPOG Program.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/opre_report.pdf
This practice brief from the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE) comes out of the ongoing evaluation of the five Tribal HPOG grantees, each of which was awarded a demonstration grant for a period of five years. Within the Tribal HPOG programs, supportive services are offered alongside the career pathways model used to train students for careers in the health care field. These services are a key component of the programs, as students often face multiple barriers to completing their training. This brief highlights the supports offered by the five programs and examines the similarities and differences among programs.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/hpog_practice_brief_supportive_services_june_2013_0.pdf
Jobs-Plus is an evidence-based model used to help individuals that live in public housing find work. Published by MDRC, this guide assists users in implementing Jobs-Plus programming. In addition, it serves as a resource for practitioners to learn from others around the world who have had experience with the program.
For more information, please see: http://www.mdrc.org/sites/default/files/JP_An_Evidence-Based_Program.pdf
The U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH) created a database that pulls information related to efforts to end homelessness from federal, state, and local partners around the country. The database includes resources on exemplar programs and promising practices.
For more information, please see: http://usich.gov/usich_resources/solutions/explore/
First Lady Michelle Obama announced the launch of the Mayors Challenge to End Veteran Homelessness by 2015. The challenge engages local leaders to draw on evidence-based approaches and local collaborations to end homelessness in their communities.
For more information, please see: http://usich.gov/blog/first-lady-challenges-mayors-to-join-efforts-to-end-veteran-homelessness?utm_source=First+Lady+Announces+Mayors+Challenge+to+End+Veteran+Homelessness&utm_campaign=Mayors+Challeng
Published by the Center for Housing Policy, this report provides guidance on how housing authorities can implement both behavioral and cognitive science in improving programs. In addition, it offers direction that public housing authorities (PHAs) can utilize to design self-sufficiency programs aimed at meeting the needs of chronically low-income households.
For more information, please see: http://www.nhc.org/EconomicSelfSufficiency_final_web.pdf
The Institute for Research on Poverty recently released a discussion paper that uses data on housing voucher recipients with school-aged children in Wisconsin to conduct a three-stage analysis of the relationship between voucher receipt and the educational opportunities of children in recipient households. Researchers examined the extent to which voucher receipt resulted in households relocating to a different school district, and estimated the effect of voucher receipt on the quality of the school districts in which recipient households reside. Results indicated that voucher receipt initially induced cross-boundary relocation for households with children, but provided greater stability in subsequent years. Researchers noted that there is some evidence that these moves resulted in voucher recipients residing in areas with access to higher quality public schools, particularly in urban areas. The discussion paper includes the implications of these findings for research and policy.
For more information, please see: http://www.irp.wisc.edu/publications/dps/pdfs/dp141814.pdf
The United States Interagency Council on Homelessness released this public document announcing their commitment to end family homelessness by 2020. The document outlines the key areas of action to achieve this goal, including collaborating with federal partners to develop a centralized entry system with the capacity to assess needs, ensure interventions and assistance are tailored to the needs of families, help families connect to the mainstream resources, and develop and build upon practices for serving families experiencing and at-risk of experiencing homelessness.
For more information, please see: http://usich.gov/resources/uploads/asset_library/Final_V3_Family_Connections.pdf
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare released an article discussing the growing concern of policymakers of the well-being of families disconnected from welfare to work. This article examines the relationship between economic disconnection and housing assistance. Results from a multilevel logistic model shows that the odds of being disconnected are higher for public housing residents and lower for single mothers receiving tenant-based rental assistance in comparison to those in private housing. Findings indicate that housing policies should be considered alongside welfare policy changes aimed at economically disconnected families, and that public housing is a critical site for interventions.
For more information, please see: http://www.wmich.edu/hhs/newsletters_journals/jssw_institutional/institutional_subscribers/40.3.Hetling.pdf
Assistance Secretary Sheldon of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) co-announced a new public-private partnership, Partnership for Freedom, with Humanity United, Department of Justice, DHHS, and Housing and Urban Development. Partnership for Freedom aims to spur innovative solutions to human tracking challenges and launched the first of three competitions - Reimagine: Opportunity – dedicated to improving the infrastructure of support for survivors of modern day slavery. The goal is to inspire experts in the anti-trafficking field to connect with new partners and generate new ideas for sustainable housing, economic empowerment and stronger social services for survivors.
To learn more and download an application, please see: http://www.partnershipforfreedom.org/
The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities released a paper on the characteristics of rental assistance recipients in 2010. The paper uses 2010 administrative data submitted to HUD by State and local housing agencies and private owners that administer rental assistance under HUD's three general purpose programs: the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV), public housing, and project-based rental assistance (PBRA) programs. The data was used to analyze the extent to which households receiving rental assistance are attached to the labor market or subject to work requirements in other programs, and consider strategies to boost tenants' employment and earnings. The data found that 88% of households that received rental assistance in 2010 were elderly, disabled, working, or likely have access to work programs under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program.
For more information, please see: http://www.cbpp.org/files/7-17-13hous.pdf
The Urban Institute's HOST Demonstration is developing and testing the effectiveness of using two-generation "whole family" approaches to address the challenges of deeply poor, vulnerable families living in public and assisted housing. HOST services are intended to improve children's health outcomes and reduce risky behavior, helping to overcome some of the disadvantages of growing up in chronic disadvantage. HOST's core case management component helps parents in low-income neighborhoods confront their key barriers to self-sufficiency: poor physical and mental health, additions, low literacy, educational attainment, and a weak connection to the labor force, while integrating services for children and youth. This report discusses the implementation and expansion process of the HOST program.
For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412824-HOST-Year-2-Implementation-and-Expansion.pdf
This report presents results from the early implementation of the study of the Impact of Housing and Services Interventions for Homeless Families, referred to as the Family Options Study. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the study measures the relative impacts of four interventions commonly employed within local communities to help families experiencing homelessness. The study compares the impacts of: community-based rapid re-housing (CBRR), project-based transitional housing (PBTH), permanent housing subsidies (SUB), and the usual care (UC) emergency shelter system in 12 communities.
For more information, please see: http://www.huduser.org/portal/family_options_study.html#impact-overview-tab
The Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics released an article discussing the interconnectivity of child health and housing security. This article provides evidence that shows that children without homes are more likely to suffer from chronic disease, hunger and malnutrition, as well as psychosocial developmental issues. Recommendations are provided to address how to help improve the health of homeless children through practice strategies.
For more information, please see: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/131/6/1206.full.pdf+html
The National Low-Income Housing Coalition has released a report capturing the gap between wages and rents across the country, and is the estimate of the full-time hourly wage that a household must earn to afford a decent apartment at the Housing and Urban Development (HUD) estimated Fair Market Rent, while spending no more than 30% of income on housing costs. This report underscores the challenges facing the lowest income renters: increasing rents, stagnating wages, and a shortage of affordable housing, while providing solutions that will benefit the lowest income renters.
For more information, please see: http://nlihc.org/sites/default/files/oor/2013_OOR.pdf
The Office of Family Assistance hosted a Webinar, "Leveraging TANF Funds and Strategic Partnerships to Improve Housing Stability and Economic Outcomes for Low-Income Families." The Webinar provided an overview of Federal regulations relating to the use of TANF and Maintenance of Effort funds, highlighted promising State and local program models for individuals at-risk, provided examples of allowable uses of TANF funds for homeless stability and employment services, and discussed strategies for choosing and implementing various program models and partnerships.
[PDF - 1,236 KB]
Webinar Q & A [PDF - 190 KB]
Webinar Resources [PDF - 123 KB]
Webinar Mercer Alliance to End Homelessness Screening Tool [PDF - 416 KB]
Webinar Transcript [PDF - 187 KB]
This ASPE Research Brief explores local programs for linking human services and housing supports to prevent and end family homelessness. The Research Brief is based on interviews with stakeholders in 14 communities nationwide, highlighting key practices that facilitated the implementation and ongoing sustainability of the programs.
For more information, please see: http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/11/familyhomelessness/rb.pdf
The United States Interagency Council on Homelessness (USICH) released the first-ever comprehensive federal strategic plan to prevent and end homelessness. This report is based around the vision that, "no one should experience homelessness – no one should be without a safe, stable place to call home". The plan is directed by four main goals: (1) end chronic homelessness in 5 years, (2) prevent and end homelessness among Veterans in 5 years, (3) prevent and end homelessness for families, youth and children in 10 years, (4) set a path to ending all types of homelessness. The authors rely on their data and research to show that stable housing and supportive social services for individuals and families are central strategies to end homelessness.
For more information, please see: http://www.usich.gov/PDF/OpeningDoors_2010_FSPPreventEndHomeless.pdf
This presentation from Kathy Deserly of the National Resource Center for Tribes was given at the Region X Tribal TANF Conference in September of 2011. The presentation focuses on the different types of kinship care, how it is used in the child welfare and TANF systems, and advantages and challenges of kinship care. Ms. Deserly highlights characteristics of child-only cases within the TANF caseload and makes suggestions for addressing the specific and unique needs of this population.
For more information, please see: https://peerta.acf.hhs.gov/uploadedFiles/Kathy%20Deserly.pdf
Resources for this subtopic have not yet been posted.
The New Jersey Department of Human Services, Division of Family Development (NJDFD) wanted to explore the prevalence, degree and location of transportation barriers among their Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) participants. The Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance in partnership with NJDFD, designed, developed, and administered customized, tested surveys for TANF participants and staff, as well as the use of specialized focus groups with participants. Through the data analysis, New Jersey learned how and why barriers to employment and self-sufficiency were exacerbated by a lack of reliable and affordable transportation. According to the surveys, approximately one in three participants in New Jersey report losing a job opportunity due to transportation challenges.
Final Report [PDF - 3,175 KB]