The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families provides this section on program management for state and county social services to support low income families on a path from welfare to work.
RESEARCH AND EVALUATIONS
This section provides resources related to program administration such as program regulations and funding.
The Office of Family Assistance, Administration for Children and Families recently released a table that outlines the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Contingency Awards by State for each Federal fiscal year. New York received the largest total award since fiscal year (FY) 2006, and also received the largest award in FY2013.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ofa/resource/tanf-contingency-awards For more information, please see
Based on comments received in response to the first Federal Register notice on September 12, 2013, ACF has revised the proposed ACF-196R form and instructions. This Information Memorandum (IM) transmits the revised proposed data collection instrument (the ACF-196R form) and instructions, which were announced via a second Federal Register Notice on January 14, 2014 (in accordance with Paperwork Reduction Act of 2010 procedures). The IM provides explanatory information on the proposed changes and invites interested parties to submit comments to the Office of Management and Budget by February 12, 2014.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ofa/resource/tanf-acf-im-2014-01
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Office of Family Assistance (OFA), Region IX hosted representatives from Arizona, California, Guam, Hawaii, and Nevada at the 2013 Region IX TANF Peer Collaboration and Technical Assistance Workshop in American Canyon, California on September 10-11, 2013. State and territory representatives shared strategies they are utilizing to improve program performance and outcomes for TANF participants. Experts from the field added to the discussions with presentations on the role of TANF in resolving homelessness; engaging non-custodial parents as a strategy to facilitating family self-sufficiency; utilizing peer mentor approaches to improve client engagement; and emerging research opportunities in the TANF field.
[PDF - 289 KB]
Participant List [PDF - 2,376 KB]
Speaker Biographies [PDF - 2,373 KB]
Additional Resources: TANF-IM Use of TANF Funds to Serve Homeless Families and Families at Risk of Experiencing Homelessness [PDF - 274 KB] Homelessness Resources [PDF - 469 KB] OWRA National Rollout [PDF - 1,286 KB] OWRA One-Pager [PDF - 490 KB]
Developing and Sustaining Career Pathways for TANF Participants: Guam Project HATSA Presentation [PDF - 2,488 KB] Hawaii C3T Presentation [PDF - 1,257 KB] Linked Learning Presentation [PDF - 5,405 KB] Linked Learning Fact Sheet [PDF - 945 KB]
TANF's Role in Ending Family Homelessness: U.S. Interagency Council on Homelessness Presentation [PDF - 854 KB]
Strategies for Improving the Operation of the TANF Program: Nevada Business Process Reengineering Presentation [PDF - 210 KB] Hawaii Asset Limit Reform Presentation [PDF - 1,850 KB] Hawaii Asset Limit Study [PDF - 3,637 KB]
ACF's Family Self-Sufficiency and Stability Research Consortium (FSSRC): Resources and Supports for Conducting and Using High-Quality Research Studies [PDF - 346 KB]
Pay-After-Performance and Jobs Program Preliminary Orientation Presentation [PDF - 378 KB]
Behavioral Interventions to Advance Self-Sufficiency (BIAS) Study Presentation [PDF - 757 KB]
Implementing Early Engagement Models to Better Prepare TANF Recipients for Self-Sufficiency: California Early Engagement Presentation [PDF - 1,282 KB] Peer Mentors Presentation [PDF - 1,607 KB]
In June 2012, the WPTA Network collaborated with Tanana Chiefs Conference (TCC) to learn about their subsidized employment program and their efforts around data collection. The Tanana Chiefs Conference Tribal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program is called the Athabascan Self-Sufficiency Assistance Partnership (ASAP), which provides services to the Tribal members of 37 federally recognized Tribes in Alaska. These Tribal members face several challenges living primarily in very isolated rural communities with limited roads, infrastructure, and jobs.
Data Collection and TANF Staff Collaboration
This two-part podcast focuses on TCC's use of data to inform program practice and the development of TCC's logic model, a tool that allows staff to see the costs and benefits of their efforts. The logic model reflects the cultural values of the Tribe, such as self-sufficiency, hard work, respect, and care and provision for the family. TCC's goal is to take the data, convert it into useful and culturally sensitive information, and use it to keep their Tribal members informed.
On September 10-11, 2013, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance hosted the Regions V & VII TANF Priority Update Meeting in Kansas City, Missouri. Representatives from Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, and Wisconsin met to network and share lessons learned and promising practices and to seek guidance from Federal and Regional staff in a number of different areas, including: planning to implement TANF EBT requirements, understanding the implications of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, addressing homelessness through TANF, utilizing data to inform program practices, developing career pathways for TANF participants, and discussing key TANF issues with Federal ACF leadership.
[PDF - 668 KB]
View Final Report [PDF - 1,150 KB]
View Participant List [PDF - 639 KB]
View Speaker Biographies [PDF - 628 KB]
View ACF Marketplace 101 [PDF - 1,646 KB]
View Adult Education Programs PP [PDF - 390 KB]
View ACF's Family Self-Sufficiency and Stability Research Consortium (FSSRC) PP [PDF - 405 KB]
View Strong Families Make a Strong Kansas PP [PDF - 1,184 KB]
View Jobs to Careers PP [PDF - 411 KB]
View Career Pathways PP [PDF - 1,205 KB]
View EBT Access and Restrictions PP [PDF - 529 KB]
View TANF Employment and Training Requirements/PATH PP [PDF - 881 KB]
View Minnesota Rebuild-- Refocusing on Work PP [PDF - 231 KB]
View Missouri Temporary Assistance Program PP [PDF - 482 KB]
View Developing Demand-Driven Career Pathways for Low-Income Individuals and TANF Participants PP [PDF - 894 KB]
View A Study of TANF Work Participation and Engagement PP [PDF - 113 KB]
The second webinar in the 2013 Regions VI & VIII TANF Webinar Series: TANF Data Reporting and Analysis was held on August 1, 2013. The webinar, sponsored by the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Regions VI and VIII, was open to all Region VI and VIII State TANF Directors and staff, local TANF agencies, and contractors and highlighted Julie Siegel as the featured speaker. Ms. Siegel is a Program Specialist at ACF's Office of Family Assistance who works in the TANF State Policy Division, focusing primarily on policy relating to work activities, work participation rates, and caseload reduction credits. During her presentation, Ms. Siegel focused on the important role that the caseload reduction credit plays in the TANF work participation rate process, including how the credit is calculated, how eligibility changes affect the credit, and how the excess maintenance of effort spending affects the state's work participation rate. Ms. Siegel was joined during the presentation by her colleague Peter Germanis, Senior Policy Advisor/National Expert at ACF's Office of Family Assistance.
This first webinar in the 2013 Region VI and VIII TANF Data Reporting and Analysis Webinar Series was held on Thursday, June 27, 2013. The webinar, sponsored by the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Regions VI and VIII, was open to all Region VI and VIII State TANF Directors and staff, local TANF agencies, and contractors. The webinar featured Patrick Brannen, a Statistical Consultant to ACF's Office of Family Assistance. He was responsible for statistical aspects of data collection and reporting of the TANF Data Report and the Separate State Programs – Maintenance of Effort (SSP-MOE) Data Report and for data analysis, including the calculation of the Work Participation Rates. Patrick Brannen provided a brief overview of the Section 1-4 reports, Work Participation Rate files and feedback, TANF sampling, and common edits and error flags.
The Office of Family Assistance through the Welfare Peer Technical Assistance (WPTA) Network hosted a Webinar, "Integrating Comprehensive Case Management Strategies into TANF Programs." The Webinar provided an overview of various methods for creating an efficient and integrated approach to providing case management services with TANF populations. This Webinar also offered TANF-serving organizations information on program models and strategies that address intensive case management, service integration, and barriers to service. Program representatives presented information on their program design and implementation, population served, partnerships, challenges to service delivery, and lessons learned.
A new question and answer has been posted to the Office of Family Assistance Web site under the "Use of Funds" category. This item responds to a question about the amount of a refundable tax credit that can be counted as a Federal TANF or Maintenance of Effort expenditure when a portion of the refund has been intercepted to recover a debt owed to the State.
To view this Q & A, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ofa/resource/q-a-use-of-funds?page=all
The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare published a case study discussing research that has explored welfare agency caseworkers and how they use discretion. This case study is of a county welfare program in rural North Carolina and focuses on how caseworkers use paperwork through document analysis, interviews, and observation data. Findings of the case study illustrate how caseworkers spend a substantially higher amount of time on paperwork rather than assisting program participants to find employment, and how this paperwork is used to feel effective in a job that requires assisting clients in moving from welfare to work.
For more information, please see: http://www.wmich.edu/hhs/newsletters_journals/jssw_institutional/institutional_subscribers/40.1.Taylor.pdf
This paper was developed by the Center for Law and Social Policy (CLASP) to inform those working with career pathways programs of a common language and standards for programs. Through a review of existing literature, feedback from the ongoing Alliance for Quality Career Pathways project, and communication from field researchers, CLASP has designed a conceptual framework for identifying and designing high quality career pathways programs. The framework contains four components which are discussed.
For more information, please see: http://www.clasp.org/admin/site/publications/files/CLASP-The-AQCP-Approach-Feb-2013.pdf
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Child Welfare Information Gateway has a Case Management in Child Protection resource page that provides child protective services' (CPS) interventions. CPS interventions may provide case management services during or following investigations or initial assessments for interested individuals. CPS case management involves working with families to establish goals, creating plans to achieve the goals, providing services to meet needs identified in assessments, monitoring progress toward achievement of the goals, and closing cases when goals have been achieved.
For more information, please see: https://www.childwelfare.gov/responding/casemgmt.cfm
Mathematica released a report on the Workforce Investment Act (WIA), the nation's largest source of training and employment services, in which they conducted a study of States' and local areas' use of eight WIA policy waivers. This final report provides descriptive analysis of the findings from each phase of data collection, discussing the reasons for waiver requests and implementation of waivers at the State and local levels, the successes and challenges of these efforts, and lessons that can be learned from these States' and local areas' waiver use.
For more information, please see: http://www.mathematica-mpr.com/publications/PDFs/labor/WIA_waivers_granted.pdf?spMailingID=6113545&spUserID=ODI0NTMwNjg3OQS2&spJobID=73155015&spReportId=NzMxNTUwMTUS1
On September 5, 2012, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance (OFA) hosted the second Webinar in a series of Webinars for the Promising Pathways Initiative. The Promising Pathways Initiative provided technical assistance to State, Tribal, and local TANF programs and nonprofit organizations to promote successful outcomes for low-income families, and seeks to address the knowledge needs of the TANF field through an evidence-informed practice approach. The Initiative is grounded in the research on evidence-based practices. The Promising Pathways Initiative supported ten selected sites from the ten OFA Regions by building capacity of the sites to identify practice and program components; develop and document evidence; and articulate the resulting "story" about the effectiveness of the program or practice.
Titled "Data Collection Methods," this Webinar provided an overview of primary and secondary qualitative and quantitative data collection methods. Strengths and limitations of different data collection methods were discussed. Tips for designing data collection instruments (such as questionnaires and interviews), and analyzing, interpreting, and reporting data once it is collected were provided. During the Webinar, Tanana Chiefs Conference, a program in Fairbanks, Alaska which participated in the Promising Pathways Initiative, presented its methods for collecting data on its subsidized employment program and how it uses data for internal and external monitoring and measurement
On September 25 and 26, 2012, Tribal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Administrators along with other key stakeholders gathered in San Francisco for the Region IX 2012 Tribal TANF Technical Assistance Workshop. The central purpose of this workshop was to enable attendees to dialogue with one another and hear from field experts on a variety of critical topics pertaining to Tribal TANF program administration. Attendees were also provided with the opportunity to network amongst their peers and share recent successes and challenges. Over the course of the two-day workshop, a number of important topics were addressed, including: case management to achieve successful outcomes; creating opportunities for Tribal TANF participants via partnerships and collaborations; successful work placements for Tribal TANF participants; TANF penalty process; and supporting Tribal TANF participants with co-occurring substance abuse and mental health disorders.
[PDF - 179 KB]
Speaker Information: Speaker Biographies [PDF - 344 KB] Speaker List [PDF - 305 KB]
Participant Lists: Participant List [PDF - 279 KB] ACF OFA Staff List [PDF - 309 KB] Contractor Staff List [PDF - 288 KB]
Case Management for Successful Outcomes: Navajo Nation Employment Readiness Guidelines Presentation [PDF - 877 KB] Navajo Nation Employment Readiness Guidelines Detailed Flow Chart [PDF - 162 KB] Navajo Nation Employment Readiness Guidelines Acronyms [PDF - 181 KB] Navajo Nation Employment Readiness Guidelines Employer Letter [PDF - 244 KB] Navajo Nation Employment Readiness Guidelines Employment Agreement Form [PDF - 207 KB]
Online Work Readiness Assessment Presentation [PDF - 1,601 KB]
Peer Networking: Session Slides [PDF - 483 KB]
Connecting Tribal TANF Clients with Work Opportunities: Keys to Successful Placements: Tanana Chiefs Conference Presentation [PDF - 16,283 KB]
Supporting Tribal TANF Clients with Co-Occurring Substance Abuse and Mental Health Disorders: Ketchikan Indian Community Behavioral Health Outline [PDF - 203 KB] Ketchikan Indian Community Behavioral Health Project MATCH [PDF - 331 KB] Ketchikan Indian Community Behavioral Health Addiction and Mental Illness [PDF - 291 KB] Ketchikan Indian Community Behavioral Health Addiction Defined [PDF - 361 KB]
Saginaw Chippewa Indian Tribe Behavioral Health Presentation [PDF - 1,763 KB]
The Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance, Region VI hosted a hands-on and interactive training for TANF programs on September 11-13, 2012. The 2012 Fiscal and Data Management Workshop in Dallas, Texas covered topics from caseload reduction credits and maintenance of effort (MOE) to cost allocation, audits, and penalties and provided TANF program representatives with the most comprehensive and hands-on training on managing TANF programs available. The workshop brought together State TANF directors and fiscal staff to strategize on ways to manage TANF dollars, collect, analyze, and report TANF participant and program data. Attendees learned strategies for maximizing TANF dollars and local partnerships and worked with peers to understand promising strategies for improving program performance and participant outcomes.
Region VI TANF Fiscal Policies and Reporting Training - Summary Report
[PDF - 1,224 KB]
How States Have Spent their Federal and State Funds under TANF - PowerPoint [PDF - 1,006 KB]
Fiscal Forum - PowerPoint [PDF - 2,526 KB]
Helping Families Achieve Self-Sufficiency - PowerPoint [PDF - 158 KB]
Region VI TANF Fiscal Policies and Reporting Training - Resources [PDF - 472 KB]
Region VI TANF Fiscal Policies and Reporting Training - TANF Website References [PDF - 38 KB]
On August 14 and 15, 2012, State and Territory Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Administrators along with other key stakeholders gathered in San Francisco for the Region IX 2012 TANF Innovations in Action Forum. The central purpose of this forum was to enable attendees to discuss critical issues pertaining to TANF program administration and to explore new strategies for improving TANF programs for low-income and working families in their States and Territories. Attendees were also provided with the opportunity to report on the current status of TANF programs at the local level and to receive updates on current TANF policy developments. Over the course of the two-day forum, a number of important topics were addressed, including: work-oriented programs for vulnerable populations and youth; subsidized employment and transitional jobs programs; innovative case management and service coordination models; career pathways and work study programs for TANF participants; and privatization models and call centers.
[PDF - 514 KB]
Speaker Information: Speaker Biographies [PDF - 275 KB] Speaker List [PDF - 192 KB]
Participant Lists: Participant List [PDF - 192 KB] HHS ACF Staff List [PDF - 175 KB] Contractor Staff [PDF - 160 KB]
Work-oriented Programs for Vulnerable Populations and Youth: Hire Up Presentation [PDF - 5,809 KB] Jewish Vocational Services Presentation [PDF - 507 KB] Larkin Street Youth Presentation [PDF - 665 KB] Rubicon Programs Presentation [PDF - 398 KB] San Francisco Department of Child Support Services [PDF - 265 KB]
Improving Employment Outcomes for TANF Participants and Low-Income Individuals through Subsidized Employment and Transitional Jobs: CalWORKs Subsidized Employment Presentation [PDF - 2,921 KB] CalWORKs Subsidized Employment California County Map [PDF - 117 KB] CalWORKs Subsidized Employment Cost Neutrality Example [PDF - 264 KB] CalWORKs Subsidized Employment California Assembly Bill [PDF - 55 KB]
ICF Subsidized Employment Presentation [PDF - 327 KB]
National Transitional Jobs Network Presentation [PDF - 149 KB] National Transitional Jobs Network Chicago Evaluation [PDF - 7,114 KB] National Transitional Jobs Network Put Illinois to Work Evaluation [PDF - 1,743 KB]
San Francisco Human Services Agency JobsNow Presentation [PDF - 187 KB] San Francisco Human Services Agency JobsNow Employer Agreement [PDF - 208 KB] San Francisco Human Services Agency JobsNow Wage Subsidy [PDF - 110 KB]
Innovative Case Management and Service Coordination Activities: Hawaii Business Process Reengineering Presentation [PDF - 525 KB]
Developing Stable Career Pathways and Work Study Programs for TANF Participants: California Community College CalWORKs Presentation [PDF - 364 KB] Project HATSA Presentation [PDF - 4,565 KB]
Utilizing Privatization Models and Call Centers in Social Service Delivery: Arizona Jobs Program Presentation [PDF - 2,285 KB] Arizona Jobs Program Samples [PDF - 39 KB] Arizona Jobs Program Goals, Objectives, and Performance Measures [PDF - 179 KB] Arizona Jobs Program Participant Survey [PDF - 469 KB]
The Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance has submitted the Ninth Report to Congress, which outlines the progress made by States and Tribes in administering the TANF program in FY 2009. From July 2008 to September 2009, the TANF caseload experienced an increase of 12 percent, and in FY 2009, child-only cases made up 48.1 percent of the total TANF caseload. Additionally, across the country, the average work participation rate was 29.4 percent for participating in qualified activities for an average of at least 30 hours per week for the month, or 20 hours per week for single-parent families with a child under age six.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ofa/data-reports/annualreport9/9th_report-to-congress_3-26-12.pdf
The implementation of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program presents a series of possible challenges and potential opportunities for local administrators providing services for low-income and working families seeking to achieve greater levels of economic independence. In an effort to assist TANF program administrators and stakeholders in understanding the application of Federal civil rights laws regarding discrimination, the Administration for Children and Families, Offices of Family Assistance (OFA) and Civil Rights (OCR) convened a virtual training on the applicable civil rights laws prohibiting discrimination.
Covering topics relating to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973; Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; the Age Discrimination Act of 1975; Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, and other applicable laws meant to prevent discrimination against those with disabilities; racial, ethnic, and language minorities, and those of varied ages, the training was in response to technical assistance requests regarding the obligations of State agencies, counties, and service providers administering welfare programs. Facilitated by the OCR, the training focused on all aspects of the TANF program, including applications, assessments, work program modifications, sanctions, and time limits and is the first part of a two-part training series hosted by OFA Region VIII on improving civil rights and HIPPA compliance.
View Sample Civil Rights Policies: Example of a Policy and Procedure for Providing Auxiliary Aids for Persons with Disabilities; Example of a Policy and Procedure for Providing Meaningful Communication with Persons with Limited English Proficiency; Example of a Nondiscrimination Policy; Example of a Section 504 Grievance Procedure that Incorporates Due Process Standards
View the Presentation Slides [PDF - 283 KB]
View the Presentation Transcript [PDF - 285 KB]
The U.S. Government Accountability Office found that the number of States that reported counting third party non-governmental expenditures toward their State MOE spending increased over the past five years, from three States in fiscal year 2007 to 13 States in fiscal year 2011. Food assistance was the most commonly cited service provided by third party non-governmental organizations that States counted towards MOE requirements. Other services included medical or dental services, employment assistance, and family stabilization services. This report was compiled to address previous concerns raised that counting third party non-governmental expenditures towards a State's MOE may not keep with the intent of MOE requirements directed toward State and local governments.
For more information, please see: http://www.gao.gov/assets/600/592861.pdf
On June 26-27, 2012, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Office of Family Assistance (OFA), Region IX Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Office held the annual Tribal TANF meeting for Arizona Tribes in the Region. The meeting provided an opportunity for Tribal TANF programs to join together to network and share lessons learned and best practices that will help lead to improved program effectiveness. The meeting provided information on key ACF initiatives and provided a forum for discussing strategies for increasing and improving employment and self-sufficiency outcomes for Tribal TANF participants through supportive services, assessments, career pathways models, and healthy relationship skills.
[PDF - 354 KB]
Participant Lists: Arizona Contractor Staff List [PDF - 179 KB] Arizona HHS ACF Staff List [PDF - 186 KB] Arizona Participant List [PDF - 216 KB]
Speaker Information: Arizona Speakers Biographies [PDF - 204 KB] Arizona Speakers List [PDF - 190 KB]
Building Healthy Families: National Resource Center for Healthy Marriage and Families Presentation [PDF - 1,191 KB]
Financial Management Practices: Tribal TANF Financial Management Presentation [PDF - 821 KB]
Navajo Nation: Employment Readiness Guidelines Presentation [PDF - 730 KB]
Salt River Pima Maricopa Indian Community: Fatherhood Program Presentation [PDF - 2,253 KB]
San Carlos Apache Tribe: San Carlos Apache Tribe Presentation [PDF - 1,140 KB]
State and Tribal Relations: State Tribal Relations Presentation [PDF - 142 KB]
Subsidized Employment and Career Pathways: Subsidized Employment and Career Pathways Presentation [PDF - 298 KB] Training Agreement [PDF - 83 KB] Training Performance Evaluation [PDF - 86 KB] Training request for WEP [PDF - 140 KB] WEP Training Application [PDF - 175 KB]
Using Individual Development Accounts: Creating Asset-Building Opportunities for Native TANF Participants Presentation [PDF - 638 KB] Native AFI Grantees and Sub-grantees [PDF - 317 KB]
WPTA Network: Welfare Peer Technical Assistance Network Presentation [PDF - 502 KB]
The U.S. Government Accountability Office published this report on the TANF program. Currently, there are questions about the strength and breadth of the TANF safety net. Many eligible families are not receiving TANF cash assistance. Regarding TANF as a welfare-to-work program, the emphasis on work participation rates as a measure of State program performance has helped change the culture of State welfare programs to focus on moving families into employment. However, features of the work participation rates as currently implemented undercut their effectiveness as a way to encourage States to engage parents, including those difficult to serve, and help them achieve self-sufficiency. Finally, States have used TANF funds to support a variety of programs other than cash assistance as allowed by law.
For more information, please see: http://www.gao.gov/assets/600/591372.pdf
From the Urban Institute, this issue brief is part of the Perspectives on Low-Income Working Families series. Author Sheila R. Zedlewski discusses lessons learned since the welfare reform of 1996, which changed welfare from an entitlement program to a time-limited, employment program. Drawing from a series of research briefs, this article is a synthesis of research on TANF that provides a background on the TANF program as well as recommendations for strengthening the TANF program.
For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412539-Welfare-Reform-What-Have-We-Learned-in-Fifteen-Years.pdf
The Office of Family Assistance has posed the latest FY 2011 and CY 2011 TANF Caseload and Application Data, which includes the number of children and families on the caseload as well as applications for the program.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ofa/data-reports/index.htm
This research brief was released by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation. Authors summarize changes to the caseload post-welfare reform and explain factors that have contributed to caseload decline. From 1997 to 2011, the national welfare caseload decreased by 55 percent, and the TANF take-up rate has continuously decreased to a low of 36 percent in 2007. Currently, over half of the TANF caseload are child-only cases, where the assistance is going to children in the household because the adults in the household are ineligible or not the child's parent.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/other_resrch/tanf_ccdf/reports/change_time.pdf
On March 13-14, 2012, the Office of Family Assistance (OFA) convened the Promising Pathways Initiative Innovation Institute in Washington, DC. The Promising Pathways Initiative provides technical assistance to state and local TANF programs and nonprofit organizations to promote successful outcomes for low-income families, and seeks to address the knowledge needs of the TANF field through an evidence-informed practice approach. The Initiative is grounded in the research on evidence-based practices. The Promising Pathways Initiative supported ten selected sites from the ten OFA Regions by building capacity of the sites to identify practice and program components; develop and document evidence; and articulate the resulting “story” about the effectiveness of the program or practice. The Innovation Institute focused on capacity-building for evidence-informed practice through identifying and sharing innovative approaches to service delivery for TANF families and low-income populations. Nine of the ten Promising Pathways sites from Regions I through X participated in the Institute. The goals of the Institute were to: (1) Provide cross-site networking between Promising Pathways sites leading to increased capacity to implement evidence-informed practice; (2) Provide interaction and dialogue between Promising Pathways sites surrounding innovative approaches and supportive technical assistance resulting from participation in the Promising Pathways Initiative; and (3) Discuss and examine processes and tools that can be institutionalized in Promising Pathways sites to support sustainable evidence-informed programming for TANF and low-income populations.
[PDF - 581 KB]
Participant Lists: Site Representatives [PDF - 378 KB] Speakers [PDF - 370 KB] Federal Staff [PDF - 365 KB] TA Team Coaches [PDF - 366 KB] Staff [PDF - 367 KB]
Biographies: Speakers [PDF - 389 KB] Team Leaders [PDF - 375 KB]
Site Information: Arkansas [PDF - 249 KB] Kentucky [PDF - 303 KB] Pennsylvania [PDF - 280 KB]
Communicating Your Mission and Telling Your Story: Ways to Work Presentation [PDF - 379 KB] ICF International Presentation [PDF - 1,096 KB] ICF Social Media Card [PDF - 65 KB] ICF Digital Storyboarding [PDF - 103 KB]
Measuring Return On Investment (ROI) for State Government: Presentation [PDF - 116 KB] Logic Model Template [PDF - 75 KB] Glossary [PDF - 150 KB] Data List [PDF - 161 KB]
Mapping the Assets in Your Community: LINC Infographics [PDF - 4,868 KB] BCT-FSI Asset Mapping Overview [PDF - 8,345 KB]
Making Data Useful: GWU Presentation [PDF - 6,143 KB] Tanana Chiefs Conference Presentation [PDF - 727 KB] Dorcas Place Presentation [PDF - 273 KB]
Moving Innovation Forward: Annie E. Casey Foundation Presentation [PDF - 808 KB]
Promising Innovations: What we learned about Evidence-informed Practice from Our Sites: ICF International Presentation [PDF - 719 KB]
Executive Summary [PDF - 1,241 KB]
Technical Assistance Team [PDF - 164 KB]
This research brief was issued by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance. Authors focus on State TANF strategies since the passage of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (DRA) and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). Authors find that States have been enacting a variety of strategies to meet participation rate requirements. ARRA specifically helped States meet participation rate requirements by allowing flexibility to fund new worker supplements, subsidized jobs, and work supports.
For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/opre/work_requirements_0.pdf
In 2004, Casey Family Services underwent an organizational change to help establish permanency for children and youth with special needs in foster care called “Move to Greater Permanence” (MGP). This report details the planning, implementation, agency processes, and outcomes as a result of the organizational change. Authors provide lessons learned to help child welfare providers and human service organizations utilize when conducting similar organizational change.
For more information, please see: http://www.caseyfamilyservices.org/userfiles/pdf/ReportonOrganizationalChange_WEB.pdf
August 22, 2011 marked the 15th anniversary of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program which was passed in an effort to “end welfare as we know it.” Although TANF cash assistance caseloads have fallen dramatically over the past 15 years, the need for assistance has remained high as the economic recovery continues to batter low-income and working families. Analyses of Federal and State caseload data, food stamp data, poverty data, and unemployment data show that TANF has not kept pace with the rates of food stamp usage or kept pace with unemployment and poverty increases, but remains an important component of the work-based safety-net for many Americans. State and Territory TANF programs are continuously challenged with developing and implementing effective work readiness, job skills, barrier reduction, and job placement activities for their TANF participants and as a result the Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance . Regions I, II, and III convened the TANF at 15: Where Do We Go from Here 2011 Tri-Regional TANF Directors’ Meeting in Providence, Rhode Island on November 1-3, 2011 to discuss the status of the TANF program and to determine appropriate next steps for programs and families. The TANF at 15 meeting focused on pertinent issues impacting TANF families and the TANF programs including improving responsiveness, engagement, fiscal management, domestic violence, asset-development, the TANF/SSI connection, and the work-based safety net during periods of sustained and increased unemployment. The meeting brought together national experts, Federal officials, researchers and program officials from the Urban Institute, MDRC, ICF International, and State and TANF directors representing nearly a third of the country to strategize around peer-developed practical solutions to common challenges facing TANF programs and participants. TANF at 15 represented a beginning of a tri-regional discussion on the status of TANF programming and laid the foundation for continued dialogue, focused planning, and increased responsiveness.
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Participant Lists and Speaker Biographies
[PDF - 2,508 KB]
TANF National Perspectives and Priorities: Maryland Department of Human Resources Presentation [PDF - 39 KB] Maryland Department of Human Resources Handout [PDF - 66 KB] New Hampshire Department of Health and Human Services Presentation [PDF - 1,047 KB]
TANF/SSI Disability Transition Project: TANF/SSI Disability Transition Project Presentation [PDF - 432 KB] Social Security Administration Presentation [PDF - 4,401 KB]
The Online Work Readiness Assessment (OWRA) - Lessons from the Field: Implementation Overview [PDF - 198 KB] OWRA Schema [PDF - 270 KB] OWRA Web site
A Safety Net Built Around Work When There Is No Work: Gordon Berlin, MDRC Remarks [PDF - 310 KB]
Managing by Data—Strategies and Successes: West Virginia Department of Health and Human Resources Presentation [PDF - 530 KB]
Asset-based Approaches for Providing Services to Survivors of Domestic Violence: Allstate Foundation Economic Empowerment for Domestic Violence Survivors Program Presentation [PDF - 576 KB] Grantee List [PDF - 116 KB] Helpful Links [PDF - 44 KB]
TANF at 15 —Thinking Outside of the Box: Roberta Rehner Iversen, Author, Jobs Aren’t Enough Presentation [PDF - 458 KB]
Putting Families First—A Model for Sustainable Self-Sufficiency: The District of Columbia’s Department of Human Services TANF Redesign Initiative: DC Department of Human Services Presentation [PDF - 2,430 KB]
Fiscal Management: ACF Audit Handout [PDF - 377 KB] ACF TANF Audit Brief [PDF - 922 KB]
Low-Income Families, Labor Market Participation, and the Great Recession: Urban Institute Presentation [PDF - 1,803 KB]
Additional Resources: Workforce Innovation Fund Web site Improving State TANF Performance Measures Facilitating Savings and Asset Ownership Great Recession Hit Hard at America's Working Poor Dynamics of Being Disconnected from Work and TANF Many States Cutting TANF Benefits Regions 1, 2, 3 Caseload Fact Sheets Regions 1, 2, 3 Work Participation Fact Sheets [PDF - 677 KB] Regions 1, 2, 3 TANF Spending Fact Sheets [PDF - 2,442 KB]
On October 18, 2011, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance (OFA) convened an orientation meeting in Washington, D.C. for the Promising Pathways Initiative. The three primary meeting goals of the Promising Pathways All-Site Orientation Meeting were to orient site representatives to the Promising Pathways Initiative, provide hands-on, interactive training for site coordinators on how to define and document their practice using logic models, and plan the first intensive full team site visit. Participants included one or two representatives from each of the ten selected Promising Pathways sites, OFA staff, and ICF International site coaches and team staff. This executive summary describes the proceedings of the All-Site Orientation Meeting and includes the meeting agenda, participant list, and materials as appendices.
State TANF programs are continuing to develop and implement strategies to improve the economic self-sufficiency of low-income families as the programs await reauthorization. From improving outreach and engagement of eligible refugees and immigrants to successfully utilizing data to effectively make programmatic decisions, these programs are finding innovative ways to maximize resources to meet the needs of increasing families in need. The Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance Region IX convened the 2011 Innovative Solutions Workshop in San Francisco, California on September 21-22, 2011 to discuss the status of TANF programs and foster improved peer dialogue around practical solutions to common challenges facing TANF programs and participants. The meeting brought together State and Territory TANF directors and program staff to strategize on ways to move low-income and working families closer to economic self-sufficiency while providing important input on the development of new TANF legislation. Specific topics included improving service delivery for domestic violence survivors, career pathways for low-income workers, asset development strategies to improve long-term economic development, maximizing TANF funds, policy/program innovations for streamlining services, and using data to influence program development and service delivery.
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ACF OFA Staff List
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TANF at 15: Policies, Progress, and Promise: CBPP Presentation [PDF - 290 KB] ICF Presentation [PDF - 127 KB]
Reshaping Intervention, Expanding Options- Innovative Strategies for Serving Domestic Violence Survivors in the TANF Caseload: Coalition Against Domestic Violence Presentation [PDF - 119 KB] Family Violence Law Center Presentation [PDF - 1,600 KB] La Casa De Las Madres Presentation [PDF - 1,093 KB]
Asset Development, Financial Fitness, and TANF: Assets for Independence Resource Center Presentation [PDF - 1,446 KB] Women's Initiative for Self Employment Presentation [PDF - 867 KB] United Way of the Bay Area Presentation [PDF - 589 KB]
Strategies to Improve Career Pathways: Career Ladders Project Presentation [PDF - 1,610 KB] Urban Institute Presentation [PDF - 152 KB] Bridge to Biotech Presentation [PDF - 1,092 KB]
Welfare Research, TA, and Program Development: ICF International Presentation [PDF - 122 KB] UC Davis Extension Presentation [PDF - 128 KB]
Welfare Peer TA: Information on the Network [PDF - 298 KB]
Additional Resources: Career Advancement Academies Fact Sheet La Casa De Las Madres 3 Week Course Outline [PDF - 76 KB] Career Ladders Project Handout [PDF - 201 KB] McDowell County Work First Community Garden Information [PDF - 79 KB] Issue Brief: Career Ladders and Pathways for the Hard to Employ [PDF - 169 KB] Five Strategies to Help Low-Income Adults and Youth Attain Community College Credentials From Hidden Costs to High Returns: Unlocking the Potential of the Lower-Wage Workforce Pathways Out of Poverty for Vulnerable Californians Spotlight on the Family Independence Initiative
TANF Spending Fact Sheets: National [PDF - 387 KB] Arizona [PDF - 397 KB] California [PDF - 430 KB] Hawaii [PDF - 321 KB] Nevada [PDF - 319 KB]
TANF Caseload Fact Sheets: National [PDF - 132 KB] Arizona [PDF - 197 KB] California [PDF - 182 KB] Hawaii [PDF - 148 KB] Nevada [PDF - 152 KB]
The Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance Region IV convened the 2011 TANF Priority Update Workshop in Atlanta, Georgia on August 17-19, 2011 to discuss the status of TANF programs and foster peer dialogue among State TANF directors to discuss key issues impacting their programs and share best practices and lessons learned with their peers. The meeting brought together State TANF directors and program staff from across Region IV to strategize ways to guide low-income individuals and families to greater economic self-sufficiency while providing input and feedback on TANF legislation. Specific topics included asset building strategies for domestic violence survivors, service improvement for refugees and immigrants, career pathways and education, innovative solutions for economic recovery, and collaboration improvement strategies.
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Improving Services for Refugees and Immigrants in TANF Programs: TANF For Refugees- Minnesota Experience Presentation [PDF - 46 KB] Office of Refugee Resettlement Presentation [PDF - 2,045 KB]
TANF Data and Reporting: Frequently Asked Questions [PDF - 56 KB]
Asset Building Strategies for Domestic Violence Survivors: Individual Development Accounts: Asset-Building Opportunities for Survivors of Domestic Violence Presentation [PDF - 773 KB] Building Assets, Building Safety: Florida Coalition Against Domestic Violence Presentation [PDF - 1,280 KB] AFI Grantees and Subgrantees [PDF - 234 KB]
Expanding Our Repertoire, Expanding Our Partnerships: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Presentation [PDF - 1,616 KB] FHA Basics for Region IV 2011 TANF Priority Update Workshop Presentation [PDF - 482 KB]
Promoting Improved Career Pathways through Greater Education and Training Options: Metro Atlanta Workforce Funders Collaborative Presentation [PDF - 1,508 KB] Kentucky's TANF Collaboration Presentation [PDF - 177 KB]
Child-Only TANF: A Call for Collaboration: Presentation [PDF - 715 KB] CalWORKs Children with Disabled Parents on SSI Issue Brief [PDF - 426 KB] SSI Parents with Children Receiving CalWORKs Cash Assistance in San Francisco: A Population on the Edge Report [PDF - 900 KB]
The Administration for Children and Families, Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation released this databook, which includes tables containing key TANF policies for each state as of July 2010, as well as longitudinal tables describing various state policies for select years between 1996 and 2010. Due to the flexibility of states to use their TANF block grant allocation, the state information provides an understanding of how the TANF program is funded across the country in diverse areas. The databook includes information on eligibility, benefits, and requirements.
For more information, please see: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/412381-Welfare-Rules-Databook.pdf
State TANF programs are continuing to develop and implement strategies to improve the economic self-sufficiency of low-income families as they await a full reauthorization of the program scheduled for September 30, 2011. From improving outreach and engagement of eligible refugees and immigrants to successfully utilizing data to effectively make programmatic decisions, these programs are finding innovative ways to maximize resources to meet the needs of increasing families in need. The Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance Regions V and VII convened the 2011 TANF Directors' Technical Assistance Meeting in Kansas City, Missouri, on June 28-29, 2011 to discuss the status of TANF programs and foster improved peer dialogue around practical solutions to common challenges facing TANF programs and recipients. The meeting brought together State TANF directors and program staff to strategize on ways to move low-income and working families closer to economic self-sufficiency while providing important input on the development of new TANF legislation. Specific topics included improving service delivery for domestic violence and trafficking victims, and asset development strategies to improve long-term economic development, maximizing TANF funds, policy/program innovations for streamlining services, and using data to influence program development and service delivery.
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ACF Interoperability Letter ACF Interoperability Toolkit
Engaging Refugees Presentation [PDF - 1,194 KB]
Engaging the Unengaged Presentation [PDF - 177 KB]
Rescue & Restore Victims of Human Trafficking Presentation [PDF - 670 KB]
AFI Fact Sheet [PDF - 308 KB] ASSET Initiative Fact Sheet [PDF - 608 KB] Asset Building Resources: Region V [PDF - 199 KB] Asset Building Resources: Region VII [PDF - 122 KB] IDA Resources.org
ASSET Initiative Presentation [PDF - 1,311 KB] Asset for Independence Presentation [PDF - 2,820 KB]
The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program was developed to assist low-income and working families transition into employment and achieve greater levels of economic self-sufficiency. State/Territory/Tribal TANF grantees are responsible for managing more than $16 billion in Federal funds and successfully managing TANF programs requires skill and understanding. On June 15-16, 2011, the Administration for Children and Families, Office of Family Assistance, Regions I, II, and III hosted the first ever fiscal management workshop for TANF programs. The 2011 Tri-Regional TANF Fiscal Management Symposium in New York, New York covered topics from caseload reduction credits and maintenance of effort (MOE), to cost allocation, audits, and penalties and provided TANF program representatives with the most comprehensive and hands-on training on managing TANF programs available.
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Reference Web Sites
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Participant List [XLS - 73 KB]
The Department of Health and Human Services launched Home Visiting Evidence of Effectiveness (HomVEE) to conduct a thorough and transparent review of the home visiting research literature and provide an assessment of the evidence of effectiveness for home visiting program models that target families with pregnant women and children from birth to age 5.
For more information, please see: http://homvee.acf.hhs.gov/
This is a presentation given by Child Trends at the Population Association of America meetings, which provides a framework for measuring the whole child in context. The presentation offers suggestions for expansion of federal data collection, methodological issues, and the availability of geographic data. Authors conclude with information on how to coordinate federal data collection efforts.
For more information, please see: http://www.childtrends.org/Files/Child_Trends-2011_04_12_SP_DevFedData.pdf
The ACF Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE) hosted a symposium on the application of behavioral research to programs that serve low-income children and families in July 2010. OPRE released a summary of the event, which included behavioral researchers, social welfare researchers, foundation staff, federal staff, and social service program operators. Stakeholders discussed ways to improve social service delivery and program effectiveness for programs that serve low-income children and families.
In the foreground of reauthorization the Administration for Children and Families Regions I, II, III, and IV convened the first ever 2010 East Coast TANF Directors’ Conference in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on October 19-21, 2010. The conference brought together 24 State TANF directors and program staff to strategize on ways to move low-income and working families closer to economic self-sufficiency while providing important input on the development of new TANF legislation. Specific topics included subsidized employment, strengthening safety-net partnerships, improving assessments and service delivery for domestic violence victims, and asset development strategies to improve long-term economic development. The conference brought together federal, state, and local partners and stakeholders to develop a new vision for a new decade and to enhance the program options available to low-income families and TANF participants.
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Meeting the Needs of Diverse TANF Participants: Kenneth Tota Presentation [PDF - 6,662 KB] Census Report on the Foreign Born Population Congress Report on Immigrants in the Labor Force
Meeting the Needs of Low-Income Families and TANF Participants after ARRA: Elizabeth Lower-Basch Presentation [PDF - 873 KB]
ASSET Initiative: Improving Economic Independence: Presentation [PDF - 244 KB] Financial Literacy and Asset Building Report [PDF - 2,803 KB] Kentucky Asset Success Initiative [PDF - 3,863 KB]
TANF and Domestic Violence: Building Opportunities for Victim Safety: Anne Menard, NRCDV [PDF - 143 KB] Anne Menard Poster Examples [PDF - 844 KB] Not Enough: What TANF Offers Family Violence Victims [PDF - 3,723 KB] Terrie Reid, AL DHR [PDF - 176 KB] SAIL Assessment [PDF - 73 KB] SAIL Referral [PDF - 15 KB]
Strengthening Safety-Net Partnerships and Frontline Perspectives: Leo Miller, DOL ETA [PDF - 544 KB] Matthew S. Rager, IPIC [PDF - 364 KB] Monica A. Hawkins, HUD [PDF - 125 KB] E&T Funding [PDF - 227 KB] E&T History [PDF - 251 KB] E&T Summary [PDF - 398 KB]
Developing and Sustaining Subsidized Employment Programs for TANF Participants: Melissa Young, NTJN [PDF - 164 KB] Barbara Guinn, NY OTDA [PDF - 208 KB] New York OTDA Handout [PDF - 33 KB] Jeffrey Gabriel, DOL ETA [PDF - 61 KB] Cheryl Sparkman, MS DHS [PDF - 304 KB] Wanda Franklin, TN OFA [PDF - 116 KB] TN Subsidized Employment Program Application [PDF - 127 KB] Tennessee NY Times Article
Selected Topics Forum: Employer Resource Networks: Michelle Derr Presentation [PDF - 90 KB] CMS - Express Lane Eligibility: Stacy J. McQuillin Presentation [PDF - 111 KB] Rosemary Feild Presentation [PDF - 869 KB] Express Lane Eligibility Option Letter [PDF - 263 KB] States with Express Lane Eligibility [PDF - 121 KB] CHIPRA Section 203, Express Lane Legislation [PDF - 86 KB]
Additional Resources: State TANF Profiles [PDF - 511 KB] TANF Resources [PDF - 325 KB] TANF and HUD Resources [PDF - 265 KB] TANF as a Safety Net Report TANF Carryover Funds Information Promising Antipoverty Strategies for Families Issue Brief Strained Suburbs Report The Great Recession and Poverty in Metropolitan America
Additional Resource Materials [PDF - 8,094 KB]
As states and territories prepare for TANF Reauthorization in 2011 and continue to navigate the challenges of the “Great Recession” they are focusing increased attention on harder-to-serve groups who may require strategic thinking and comprehensive service delivery. In order to develop stronger programs, increase interoperability, and leverage resources, the US Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Region IX brought together safety-net partners and other key stakeholders for the Region IX TANF Strategic Session in San Francisco, California from September 15-16, 2010. The session focused on increased program integration, improved service delivery, and enhanced client interaction. Specific topics included improving assessment and service delivery for domestic violence victims, interagency collaboration, client assessment, and program development in a tough economy.
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Meeting Workbook [PDF - 725 KB] Annotated Bibliography of Resources [PDF - 889 KB] Partnership Development Worksheet [PDF - 182 KB]
Resource Fact Sheets: Child Care and TANF [PDF - 744 KB] Child Support and TANF [PDF - 807 KB] Child Welfare and TANF [PDF - 477 KB] Community Service and TANF [PDF - 488 KB] Disabilities and TANF [PDF - 466 KB] Financial Education Asset Development and TANF [PDF - 534 KB] Housing and TANF [PDF - 484 KB] HUD and TANF [PDF - 409 KB] SNAP and TANF [PDF - 485 KB] Substance Abuse and TANF [PDF - 515 KB] Transportation and TANF [PDF - 490 KB]
Presentations: NRCDV Presentation NRCDV Fact Sheet Not Enough TANF Report Jeanette Hercik Safety Net What Makes Partnerships Work?
In California, as in much of the country, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)/California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) welfare-to-work program has been highly successful in reducing welfare caseloads. California has reduced its welfare caseload by 50 percent since 1996 and has shown marked success in implementing employment services and supports that help TANF participants overcome barriers to work and become more self supporting. However, many California counties are currently facing greater challenges moving their remaining CalWORKs participants into the workforce and meeting the new federally mandated work participation requirements. The state of California and its county partners are looking for new and effective programs and tools to aid them in reengaging sanctioned individuals; developing new opportunities for participants in the labor market; and linking these individuals to the skills training they need to become “work ready.” Faced with this challenge, the California Department of Social Services (CDSS) partnered with the U.S. Department of Human and Health Services Administration for Children and Families (ACF) Office of Family Assistance (OFA), to develop the California Counties Technical Assistance (TA) Academy as a way to focus on solutions and strategies to enhance California’s work participation rate. This Academy was a facilitated two and a half day event designed to introduce staff from 18 California counties to new programs, strategies, and ideas in order to strengthen their capacity to achieve higher levels of work participation rates.
Final Report [PDF - 599 KB]
Resources for this subtopic have not yet been posted.