Urban Partnerships Initiative

Urban Partnerships Initiative

The Urban Partnerships Initiative is a project designed to improve outcomes for low-income families by facilitating peer exchange among TANF stakeholders in urban centers.

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Research

Accessibility and Stability of Nonprofit Service Providers: Faith-Based and Community-Based Organizations in Urban and Rural America, June 2008

Social services promoting work activity and greater personal well-being—such as job training, adult education, child care, substance abuse or mental health services, and emergency assistance—have become a central component of the safety net that assists low-income families. This report was funded through the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation and provides data from a survey of 1,200 faith-based and secular nonprofit social service agencies. The results show FBOs that integrate religious elements into service delivery and secular nonprofit organizations are more accessible to poor populations than FBOs that do not integrate religious elements into service provision. FBOS are currently providing the safety net to support TANF leavers on a path to self-sufficiency.

For more information, please see: http://aspe.hhs.gov/fbci/comp08/Allard.pdf


New Housing, Income Inequality, and Distressed Metropolitan Areas, September 2007

This report is from the Brookings Institution and reviews income inequality and new housing construction in 215 metropolitan areas. Findings show that between 1970 and 2000, distressed and non-distressed metropolitan areas with rapidly growing income inequality also had rapidly growing segregation by income. Researchers suggest that policies to reduce income inequality can help reduce overbuilding and income segregation in distressed areas.

For more information, please see: http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/reports/2007/09newhousing_watson/09newhousing_watson.pdf


Beyond City Limits: Cross-System Collaboration to Reengage Disconnected Youth, July 2007

Strategies to engage youth transitioning to adulthood is crucial to addressing needs such as education, employment, and mentoring. This report from the National League of Cities describes cross-system initiatives from eight cities across the country on supporting vulnerable youth. Specifically, Boston, Albany, and San Diego have developed creative partnerships across their cities to include a variety of public systems and agencies.

For more information, please see: http://americaspromise.org/Resources/Partner-Resources/b/Beyond-City-Limits-Cross-System-Collaboration-to-Reengage-Disconnected-Youth.aspx?promise=%2FA+Healthy+Start


The Importance of the EITC to Urban Economies, July 2007

This is a speech given by Alan Berube of the Brookings Institution to Congressional staff on the benefits of the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) to urban economies. In this resource, Mr. Berube defines ways that members can maximize the EITC benefit to support low-income families. As well as providing significant benefits to families in cities and suburbs, the EITC has been proven to stimulate local economic activity.

For more information, please see: http://www3.brookings.edu/metro/pubs/20070713_berube.pdf


Between Welfare Reform and Reauthorization: Income Support Systems in Cuyahoga and Philadelphia 2000 to 2005, March 2007

This report, from MDRC, provides an update on welfare reform in the cities of Cleveland and Philadelphia. This study specifically reviews the policies implemented through 2005, caseload and employment trends through 2003, and neighborhood indicators describing the conditions of low-income communities in 2003.

For more information, please see: http://www.mdrc.org/publications/445/full.pdf


A Heavy Load: The Combined Housing and Transportation Burdens of Working Families, October 2006

This study, from the Center for Housing Policy, found that the average working family residing in a city spends 57 percent of their annual income on transportation and housing costs. Low-to-moderate income working families are being forced to reside further outside city centers due to housing costs, but families are spending as much or more on transportation costs than they are saving on housing costs.

To view or download: http://www.nhc.org/pdf/pub_heavy_load_10_06.pdf


The Social Costs of Concentrated Poverty: Externalities to Neighboring Households and Property Owners and the Dynamics of Decline, October 2006

This paper, from the National Poverty Center, analyzes current housing policy with relation to decentralizing low income population. Authors seek to investigate if this strategy equates to increased economic efficiency by reviewing data from large metropolitan areas across the country.

To view or download: http://npc.umich.edu/publications/u/working_paper06-42.pdf


Kids in the City: Indicators of Child Well-Being in Large Cities from the 2004 American Community Survey, August 2006

The child poverty rate in the 50 largest cities significantly increased between 1999 and 2004. Specifically, the child poverty rate in the 50 largest cities was 28 percent- compared to 18 percent nationally. From the Brookings Institution, this article reviews indicators of child wellbeing, including residing in single parent homes, in cities across the US.

To view or download: http://www.brookings.edu/metro/pubs/20060810_KidsCity.pdf


Transitional Jobs: A Workforce Strategy for Cities, 2006

Sixty percent of city officials say that unemployment is a problem in their city, and this report shares the experience of city officials in coordinating workforce development efforts. The transitional jobs program can help residents overcome barriers to employment, while gaining the necessary experience to attain employment. Authors share the experiences of ten cities implementing pilot transitional jobs programs in their urban centers.

For more information, please see: http://www.nlc.org/find-city-solutions/iyef/family-economic-success/employment-strategies/index


Food Stamp Caseload Dynamics: A Study of Four Big Cities, December 2005

This research from MDRC reviews caseload dynamics for food stamps in Cuyahoga County, OH; Los Angeles, CA; Miami-Dade County, FL; and Philadelphia, PA. The data reviewed caseload data from 1993 to 2001, and found that across all sites, the food stamp caseload declined. Additionally, it was found that most recipients receive food stamps for at least seven months.

To view or download: http://www.mdrc.org/publications/420/full.pdf


Hunger and Homelessness Survey: A Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in America's Cities, a 24-City Survey, December 2005

This research includes 24 cities and the status of hunger and homelessness from the US Conference of Mayors. The research is based on information from the cities on the demand for emergency food and shelter and the capacity to handle the need, the causes of hunger and homelessness, programs to combat hunger and homelessness, the availability of affordable housing, and the outlook for the future.

For more information, please see: http://www.usmayors.org/hungersurvey/2005/HH2005FINAL.pdf


Two Steps Back: City and Suburban Poverty Trends-1999–2005, December 2005

Based on data from the 2005 American Community Survey and the Census in 2000, this report from the Brookings Institution analyzes poverty in the 100 largest urban areas in the United States. The percentage of people living in poverty increased in both cities and suburbs between 1999 and 2005, and the child poverty rate rose faster than the overall rate by 3 additional percentage points. The poverty rate in large cities was 18.8 percent- twice as high as in suburbs at 9.4 percent in 2005.

To view or download: http://www.brookings.edu/metro/pubs/20061205_citysuburban.pdf


Welfare Reform in Los Angeles: Implementation, Effects, and Experiences of Poor Families and Neighborhoods, August 2005

Los Angeles' welfare caseload is larger than that of 48 of the 50 states. LA had a rigorous work participation requirement and developed policies to help move welfare recipients into jobs; over time, more recipients did go to work. However, most recipients still remained poor, and those who worked were usually in low-wage jobs without benefits. The challenge facing welfare policymakers is how to devise strategies to help low-wage workers acquire the skills needed to financially advance.

For more information, please see: http://www.mdrc.org/publications/415/overview.html


Food Security Stability and Change Among Low-Income Urban Women, April 2005

This paper, through the Joint Center for Poverty Research, examined food stability among women on welfare caseloads in the large urban centers of Cleveland, Los Angeles, Miami-Dade, and Philadelphia. Based on the results and previous evidence on mental and physical health problems affecting food security, the authors conclude that more research is needed to understand the ways that food security/insufficiency and mental and physical health problems are interrelated

For more information, please see: http://harrisschool.uchicago.edu/About/publications/working-papers/pdf/wp_05_03.pdf


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Tools

Urban Partnerships Initiative Toolkit, 2008

This Urban Partnerships Initiative Online Toolkit represents the next phase of disseminating information on promising practices to the human services community. The toolkit is a collection of resources, templates, examples, and instruments that will assist TANF administrators in achieving the goal of supporting families on a path to self-sufficiency. The toolkit is a dynamic resource to help cities address some of the unique issues facing low-income populations, including those associated with substance abuse, poor mental health conditions, former incarceration, recent immigration, learning disabilities, and others.

Urban Partnership Initiative (UPI) Toolkit


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Web Links

Office of Family Assistance, 2009

The Office of Family Assistance (OFA), within the Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, oversees the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Program created by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) of 1996. OFA provides assistance and work opportunities to needy families by granting States, Territories and Tribes the federal funds and wide flexibility to develop and implement their own welfare programs.

For more information, please see: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ofa/


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